See also: سام

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Proper nounEdit

شَام (šāmm

  1. Only used in الشَّام(aš-šām)

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ش ي م(š-y-m).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

شَامَ (šāma) I, non-past يَشِيمُ‎‎ (yašīmu)

  1. to have sheathed, to have hidden, to have concealed
  2. to watch, to observe
  3. to expect, to conjecture
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

شَامَمَ or شَامَّ (šāmma or šāmama) III, non-past يُشَامُّor يُشَامِمُ‎‎ (yušāmmu or yušāmimu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “شام”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 473
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “شام”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1634
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شام”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 690

GujaratiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Persian شام‎.

NounEdit

شام (shāmf (Standard Gujarati શામ)

  1. (Lisan ud-Dawat) evening

Ottoman TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic شَام(šām).

Proper nounEdit

شام (şâm)

  1. Damascus (the capital city of Syria vilayet)
  2. Syria (a vilayet in the Ottoman Empire)

Etymology 2Edit

From Persian شام(šâm).

NounEdit

شام (şâm)

  1. evening
  2. night

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Related to Persian شب(šab). Compare Sogdian [script needed] (χşām, evening).

NounEdit

Dari شام
Iranian Persian
Tajik шом (šom)

شام (šâm)

  1. dinner, supper
    برای شام چی داریم؟‎‎ (more literary)barâ-ye šâm či dârim?What do we have for dinner?
    شام چی داریم؟‎‎ (more colloquial)šâm či dârim?What do we have for dinner?
  2. (archaic) dusk
  3. (archaic) evening
    Synonym: عصر('asr)
DescendantsEdit
  • Gujarati: شام (shām)
  • Hindustani: śām
    Hindi: शाम
    Urdu: شام
  • Ottoman Turkish: شام(şâm)

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic شَام(šām).

Proper nounEdit

شام (šâm)

  1. Greater Syria, the Levant (a region of Western Asia, in the Middle East)
  2. Damascus (the capital city of Syria)
    Synonym: دمشق(damešq)
DescendantsEdit

UrduEdit

 
Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian شام(šām).

NounEdit

شام (śāmf (Hindi spelling शाम)

  1. evening, night
DeclensionEdit
Declension of شام
singular plural
direct شام(śām) شامیں(śāmẽ)
oblique شام(śām) شاموں(śāmõ)
vocative شام(śām) شامو(śāmo)

ReferencesEdit

  • شام”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • شام”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian شام(šām, Greater Syria; Levent), from Arabic الشَّام(Levent; Damascus).

Proper nounEdit

شام (śāmm (Hindi spelling शाम)

  1. Syria (a country in Western Asia, in the Middle East)
  2. (by extension) Greater Syria, the Levant (a region of Western Asia, in the Middle East)

See alsoEdit


UyghurEdit

NounEdit

شام (sham)

  1. candle