شمال

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Diachronically from Proto-Semitic *śimāl-, synchronically from ش م ل(š-m-l). Cognate with Hebrew שְׂמֹאל(səmōl, left), Akkadian 𒆏 (šumēlum, left side), Aramaic סְמָלָא(səmālā) / ܣܡܠܐ(semmālā, left side), Coptic ϣⲙⲟⲩⲗ (šmoul), Ugaritic 𐎌𐎎𐎀𐎍 (šmảl). The north sense derives from the left-hand side facing the sunrise, also attested in Sabaean 𐩠𐩦𐩱𐩣𐩡(hs²ʾml, to be northward).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شِمَال (šimālf (plural أَشْمُل(ʾašmul) or شَمَائِل(šamāʾil) or شُمُل(šumul))

  1. left hand
  2. left side
  3. bad omen
  4. handful of ears
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ش م ل(š-m-l) meaning “to bundle, “to wrap”, “to huddle”, “to be cold” – such senses are influenced by the cold-dry northerly wind necessitating wrapping up with clothes.

NounEdit

شِمَال (šimālm (plural شَمَائِل(šamāʾil))

  1. case, sheath, wrapping
DeclensionEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From the root ش م ل(š-m-l) meaning “to be leftward” – the north direction being the left-hand side facing the sunrise. Additionally it is relatable to the root meaning “to bundle” or “to wrap”, as the cold northern wind necessitated wrapping up with clothes, contrasting with جَنُوب(janūb, south) from the root ج ن ب(j-n-b) meaning “changing”, “laying aside” clothes, the warm southern wind allowing to put off clothes.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʃa.maːl/
  • (file)

NounEdit

شَمَال (šamālm

  1. north
DeclensionEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
شَمَال غَرْبِيّ(šamāl ḡarbiyy) شَمَال (šamāl) شَمَال شَرْقِيّ(šamāl šarqiyy)
غَرْب(ḡarb)   شَرْق(šarq)
جَنُوب غَرْبِيّ(janūb ḡarbiyy) جَنُوب(janūb) جَنُوب شَرْقِيّ(janūb šarqiyy)

NounEdit

شَمَال (šamālf (plural شَمَالَات(šamālāt))

  1. north wind
DeclensionEdit
ReferencesEdit

ChagataiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

NounEdit

شمال (šemal)

  1. wind

Moroccan ArabicEdit

Root
ش م ل
1 term

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شمال (šamālm

  1. north
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

(compass points)

شمال
غرب   شرق
جنوب

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic شِمَال(šimāl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شمال (šmālm

  1. left
Derived termsEdit

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Dari شمال
Iranian Persian
Tajik шимол (šimol)

شمال (šomâl)

  1. north
  2. Northern Iran

Derived termsEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
ش م ل

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic شِمَال(šimāl).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʃmaːl/, [ʃmæːl]
  • (file)

NounEdit

شمال (šmālm

  1. left
    Antonym: يمين(yamīn)

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʃa.maːl/, [ʃaˈmæːl]
  • (file)

NounEdit

شمال (šamālm

  1. north
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

(compass points)

شمال (šamāl)
غرب(ḡarb)   شرق(šarq)
جنوب(janūb)

UrduEdit

 
Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Classical Persian شمال(šamāl), itself from Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شُمال or شِمال (śumāl or śimālm (Hindi spelling शुमाल or शिमाल‎)

  1. north

See alsoEdit

(compass points)

شمال مغربی شمال شمال مشرقی
مغرب   مشرق
جنوب مغربی جنوب جنوب مشرقی


ReferencesEdit

  • شمال”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • شمال”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2023.

UshojoEdit

NounEdit

شمال (šmāl)

  1. light spray