ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ش م س(š-m-s), the noun “sun” inherited from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

PronunciationEdit

  • (sun): IPA(key): /ʃams/
  • (sun):
    (file)
  • (to expose to the sun): IPA(key): /ʃam.ma.sa/
  • (to be headstrong): IPA(key): /ʃa.ma.sa/
  • (to be sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.mi.sa/
  • (to be sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.ma.sa/
  • (being sunny): IPA(key): /ʃa.mas/

NounEdit

شَمْس (šamsf (plural شُمُوس(šumūs))

  1. sun

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Maltese: xemx
  • Moroccan Arabic: شمش(šamš), شمس(šams)

VerbEdit

شَمَسَ (šamasa) I, non-past يَشْمُسُ‎‎ (yašmusu)

  1. to be headstrong, to be restive

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

شَمَسَ (šamasa) I, non-past يَشْمِسُor يَشْمُسُ‎‎ (yašmisu or yašmusu)
شَمِسَ (šamisa) I, non-past يَشْمَسُ‎‎ (yašmasu)

  1. to be sunny

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

شَمَّسَ (šammasa) II, non-past يُشَمِّسُ‎‎ (yušammisu)

  1. to expose to the sun, to dry in the sun
  2. to perform the office of deacon

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

شَمَس (šamasm

  1. verbal noun of شَمِسَ (šamisa) (form I)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1833), “شمس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 450
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “شمس”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 1269
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “شمس”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 555
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شمس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شمس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 674

MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic شَمْس(šams), from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

شمس (Rumi spelling syamsior syamsu‎)

  1. sun (the star around which the Earth revolves)

SynonymsEdit


Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic شَمْس(šams).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شمس (šamsf (plural شموس(šmūs) or شموسة(šmūsa))

  1. Alternative form of شمش(šamš)

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic شَمْس(šams), from Proto-Semitic *śamš-.

NounEdit

شمس (şems)

  1. sun
  2. sunshine

SynonymsEdit