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ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ش ه ر(š-h-r). The meaning “month” can be considered a semantic loan from Aramaic סהרא‎, but compare Old South Arabian 𐩦𐩠𐩧(beginning of the lunar month).

PronunciationEdit

  • Verb I: IPA(key): /ʃa.ha.ra/
  • Verb II: IPA(key): /ʃah.ha.ra/
  • Noun: IPA(key): /ʃahr/
  • Noun:
    (file)

VerbEdit

شَهَرَ (šahara) I, non-past يَشْهَرُ‎‎ (yašharu)

  1. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  2. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to draw (a weapon), to unsheathe

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

شَهَّرَ (šahhara) II, non-past يُشَهِّرُ‎‎ (yušahhiru)

  1. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  2. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to defame, to slander, to revile, to pillory, to condemn, to denounce

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

شَهْر (šahrm (plural أَشْهُر(ʾašhur) or شُهُور(šuhūr))

  1. verbal noun of شَهَرَ (šahara) (form I)
  2. month (unit of time)
  3. new moon (beginning of the lunar month)
    شَهْر الْعَسَل(šahr al-ʿasal, honeymoon)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 186–187
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “شهر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 680

Moroccan ArabicEdit

NounEdit

شهر (šhar)

  1. month

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian شهر(šahr).

NounEdit

شهر (şehir)

  1. city
  2. town
  3. borough

PersianEdit

Dari Persian شهر
Iranian Persian
Tajik шаҳр (šahr)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩(šahr), from Proto-Iranian *xšaθram (likely through Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬀𐬚𐬭𐬀(xšaθra, kingdom), compare Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kšatrám, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tek- (to attain).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شهر (šahr) (plural شهرها(šahr-hâ))

  1. (obsolete) land, country
  2. city, town

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit