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See also: شہرand سہر

Contents

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ش ه ر (š-h-r). The meaning “month” can be considered a semantic loan from Aramaic סהרא, but compare Old South Arabian 𐩦𐩠𐩧 (beginning of the lunar month).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

شَهَرَ (šahara) I, non-past يَشْهَرُ‎ (yašharu)

  1. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  2. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to draw (a weapon), to unsheathe

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

شَهَّرَ (šahhara) II, non-past يُشَهِّرُ‎ (yušahhiru)

  1. to make well-known, to make famous, to make notorious
  2. to spread, to make known, to divulge
  3. to proclaim, to announce
  4. to defame, to slander, to revile, to pillory, to condemn, to denounce

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

شَهْر (šahrm (plural أَشْهُر (ʾašhur) or شُهُور (šuhūr))

  1. verbal noun of شَهَرَ (šahara) (form I)
  2. month (unit of time)
  3. new moon (beginning of the lunar month)
    شَهْر الْعَسَل (šahr al-ʿasal, honeymoon)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 186–187
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (2011), “شهر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 680

Moroccan ArabicEdit

NounEdit

شهر (šhr)

  1. month

Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian شهر (šahr).

NounEdit

شهر (şehir)

  1. city
  2. town
  3. borough

PersianEdit

Dari Persian شهر
Iranian Persian شهر
Tajiki Persian шаҳр (šahr)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭲𐭥𐭩 (šahr). Compare Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شهر (šahr) (plural شهرها (šahr-hâ))

  1. (obsolete) land, country
  2. city, town

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit