Arabic edit

 
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Etymology edit

Normalized spelling of earlier ⁧صَلَوٰة(ṣalāh), from Classical Syriacܨܠܘܬ(ṣəlōṯ), whence the denominal root ⁧ص ل و(ṣ-l-w). It is also thought to be derived from the root ⁧و ص ل(w-ṣ-l). Compare Ugaritic 𐎕𐎍𐎚 (ṣlt).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

صَلَاة (ṣalāhf (pluralصَلَوَات(ṣalawāt))

  1. verbal noun of صَلَّى(ṣallā) (form II)
  2. prayer in general; spontaneous prayer
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 9:103:
      وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَهُمْ
      wa-ṣalli ʕalayhim ʔinna ṣalātaka sakanun lahum
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    يُؤَدِّي اَلْمُسْلِمُونَ اَلْصَلَاةَ خَمْسَ مَرّاتٍ فِي اَلْيَوْمِ
    yuʔaddī l-muslimūna l-ṣalāta ḵamsa marrātin fī l-yawmi
    Muslims perform the prayer five times a day.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 17:110:
      قُلِ ٱدْعُوا ٱللَّهَ أَوِ ٱدْعُوا ٱلرَّحْمَٰنَ أَيًّا مَا تَدْعُوا فَلَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَاءُ ٱلْحُسْنَى وَلَا تَجْهَرْ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتْ بِهَا وَٱبْتَغِ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا
      quli dʕū l-laha ʔawi dʕū r-raḥmāna ʔayyan mā tadʕū fa-lahu l-ʔasmāʔu l-ḥusnā wa-lā tajhar bi-ṣalātika wa-lā tuḵāfit bihā wa-btaḡi bayna ḏālika sabīlan
      Say (to them, O Mohammed): Call upon (Him by) "God" or call upon (Him by) "ar-Raḥmân" ("The Merciful One"); whichever you call upon (Him by), (remember that) the most beautiful of names belong to Him; and be not very loud in your prayers nor be very quiet but follow a way in between.
  3. place of worship, especially of the Jews, hence a synagogue
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 22:40:
      وَلَوْلَا دَفْعُ ٱللهِ ٱلنَّاسَ بَعْضَهُمْ بِبَعْضٍ لَّهُدِّمَتْ صَوَامِعُ وَبِيَعٌ وَّصَلَوَاتٌ وَّمَسٰجِدُ يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا ٱسْمُ ٱللهِ كَثِيرًا
      walawlā dafʕu llāhi n-nāsa baʕḍahum bibaʕḍin llahuddimat ṣawāmiʕu wabiyaʕun wwaṣalawātun wwamasājidu yuḏkaru fīhā smu llāhi kaṯīran
      And were it not that God checks some people by others there in fact would have been demolished churches and monastic cells, and synagogues and mosques wherein the name of God is oft-mentioned.
  4. (Islam) salat, namaz, prayer
  5. blessing and salutation on somebody
    1. (by extension) blessing and salutation
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:157:
        أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ
        ʔūlāʔika ʕalayhim ṣalawātun min rabbihim waraḥmatun
        Those are the ones upon whom are blessings and salutations as well as mercy from their Lord.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Arabicصَلَاة(ṣalāh).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sˤa.laː/, [sˤɑˈlɑː]
  • (file)

Noun edit

صلاة (ṣalāf (pluralصلوات(ṣalawāt))

  1. prayer