See also: ضعیف

Arabic edit

Root
ض ع ف(ḍ-ʕ-f)

Etymology edit

فَعِيل(faʕīl)-type stative-verb derived from the active participle from the verb ⁧ضَعُفَ(ḍaʕufa, to become weak, to become thin).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dˤa.ʕiːf/
  • (file)

Adjective edit

ضَعِيف (ḍaʕīf) (feminineضَعِيفَة(ḍaʕīfa), common pluralضِعَاف(ḍiʕāf), masculine pluralضَعِيفُون(ḍaʕīfūn) orضُعَفَاء(ḍuʕafāʔ) orضَعَفَة(ḍaʕafa) orضَعْفَى(ḍaʕfā) orضَعَافَى(ḍaʕāfā), feminine pluralضَعِيفَات(ḍaʕīfāt) orضَعَائِف(ḍaʕāʔif), elativeأَضْعَف(ʔaḍʕaf))

  1. weak
  2. (Islam) weak (describing Prophetic Hadiths)
  3. slim, fit, skinny, thin
    Synonyms:نَحِيف(naḥīf), ⁧رَشِيق(rašīq)
    Antonyms:سَمِين(samīn), ⁧مَتِين(matīn), ⁧بَدِين(badīn)
  4. feeble
  5. limp
  6. fragile
  7. impotent
  8. flaccid

Declension edit

Antonyms edit

Descendants edit

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabicضَعِيف(ḍaʕīf).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dˤʕiːf/, [dˤʕiːf]
  • (file)

Adjective edit

ضعيف (ḍʕīf) (feminineضعيفة(ḍʕīfe), masculine pluralضعاف(ḍʕāf), elativeأضعف(ʔaḍʕaf))

  1. weak
    Antonym:قوي(ʔawi)
  2. thin (of a person)
    Synonym:نحيف(naḥīf)
    Antonyms: (for people)ناصح(nāṣeḥ), (usually for animals)سمين(smīn)
    البنت ضعيفة، لازم تاكل موز.
    il-bint ḍʕīfe, lāzem tākol mōz.
    The girl is thin, she should eat bananas.

See also edit

  • رفيع(rafīʕ, thin, slender, slin (round object))
  • رقي(rʔīʔ, thin, fine (flat object))