Arabic

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Root
ع ط ر (ʕ-ṭ-r)

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

عِطْر (ʕiṭrm (plural عُطُور (ʕuṭūr) or عُطُورَات (ʕuṭūrāt))

  1. perfume, scent
  2. essence, attar
Declension
edit
Descendants
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Denominal verb from عِطْر (ʕiṭr, perfume).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عَطَّرَ (ʕaṭṭara) II, non-past يُعَطِّرُ‎ (yuʕaṭṭiru)

  1. to perfume
Conjugation
edit

Etymology 3

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Adjective

edit

عَطِر (ʕaṭir)

  1. fragrant, sweet-smelling, aromatic
Declension
edit
edit

Egyptian Arabic

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

عطر (ʕiṭrm (plural عُطور (ʕuṭūr) or عِطُور (ʕiṭūr))

  1. (uncommon) perfume
    Synonym: ريحة (rīḥa)
    1. (uncommon) cologne
      Synonym: كُلونيا (kolonya)

Etymology 2

edit

From Arabic عَطَّرَ (ʕaṭṭara, to perfume).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عطر (ʕaṭṭar) II (non-past يِعَطَّر (yiʕaṭṭar))

  1. (transitive) to perfume
    عَطَّرت الأُٖوضة
    ʕaṭṭart il-ʔōda
    I perfumed the room

Etymology 3

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عطر (ʕeṭer) II (non-past يِعْطَر (yiʕṭar))

  1. (intransitive, with في (into), dated) to bump into, to clash with, to cross paths with, to come across
    أنا!؟، دا أنا لو عطرت ف الحرامي ده، دانا هوديه ورا الشمس!
    ʔana!?, da ʔana law ʕeṭert fe l-ḥarāmi da, dana ha-waddīh wara š-šams!
    Me?! If I ever found that swindler, I'd mess him up! (literally "take him behind the sun")

Gojri

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian عَطَر (atar), from Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Noun

edit

عَطَر ('atarm

  1. scent, perfume, fragrance, aromatic compound

Further reading

edit
  • Dr Rafique Anjum (2018) Concise Gojri-Kashmiri-English Dictionary, New Delhi: Adam Publishers & Distributors, →ISBN, page 310.

Hijazi Arabic

edit
Root
ع ط ر
1 term

Etymology 1

edit

From Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ʕi.tˤir/, [ʕɪ.tˤɪr]

Noun

edit

عطر (ʕiṭirm (construct state عِطْر (ʕiṭr), plural عُطور (ʕuṭūr) or عطورات (ʕuṭūrāt))

  1. perfume
  2. cologne
    Synonym: كُلونيا (kulōnya)

Etymology 2

edit

From Arabic عَطَّر (ʕaṭṭar, to perfume).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

عطر (ʕaṭṭar) II (non-past يِعَطِّر (yiʕaṭṭir))

  1. to perfume
    عَطَّرت الغُرفة
    ʕaṭṭart al-ḡurfa
    I perfumed the room
Conjugation
edit
    Conjugation of عطر (ʕaṭṭar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عطرت (ʕaṭṭart) عطرت (ʕaṭṭart) عطر (ʕaṭṭar) عطرنا (ʕaṭṭarna) عطرتوا (ʕaṭṭartu) عطروا (ʕaṭṭaru)
f عطرتي (ʕaṭṭarti) عطرت (ʕaṭṭarat)
non-past m أعطر (ʔaʕaṭṭir) تعطر (tiʕaṭṭir) يعطر (yiʕaṭṭir) نعطر (niʕaṭṭir) تعطروا (tiʕaṭṭiru) يعطروا (yiʕaṭṭiru)
f تعطري (tiʕaṭṭiri) تعطر (tiʕaṭṭir)
imperative m عطر (ʕaṭṭir) عطروا (ʕaṭṭiru)
f عطري (ʕaṭṭiri)

Ottoman Turkish

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Noun

edit

عطر (ıtr or ıtır)

  1. perfume
  2. fragrant plant; rose geranium

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit

References

edit

Persian

edit
 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Pronunciation

edit
 

Readings
Classical reading? atr, itr
Dari reading? atr, itr
Iranian reading? atr, etr
Tajik reading? atr, itr

Noun

edit
Dari عطر
Iranian Persian
Tajik атр, итр

عطر ('atr, 'itr)

  1. perfume
  2. odour
  3. scent

Descendants

edit

Urdu

edit
 
Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from Classical Persian عطر ('itr), from Arabic عِطْر (ʕiṭr).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

عِطْر (itr, atrm (Hindi spelling इत्र)

  1. perfume
  2. fragrance
  3. essence
  4. attar
  5. odour
  6. scent

Further reading

edit
  • عطر”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • Platts, John T. (1884) “عطر”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co., page 762
  • Qureshi, Bashir Ahmad (1971) “عطر”, in Kitabistan's 20th Century Standard Dictionary‎, Lahore: Kitabistan Pub. Co., page 436
  • عطر”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.