ع ر ب

See also: ع ز ب‎, عرب‎, عزت‎, غرت‎, غرب‎, عزب, and غژب

ArabicEdit

RootEdit

ع ر ب (ʿ-r-b)

  1. forms words relating to Arabic and Arabs

EtymologyEdit

Given the antiquity of the ethnonym, it is not secure that it does not derive from an obscure nickname, however it can well be imagined to have developed from the root shown below, the meaning “to enter” developing towards “to do business with”, “to show economic interest”, “caravan”, “carriage”, as for a people of trade. It is thus uncertain whether أَعْرَبَ(ʾaʿraba, to clearly declare, to proclaim) is directly from these economic relations or from the connection that expressing something in Arabic is also making something intelligible. Against such derivation one could adduce that the root formula in those economic meanings is in historical Arabic times of little productivity, but then again this could be a consequence of its repurposing, expressing the idea of Arabicness.

Derived termsEdit

Verbs
Nouns

RootEdit

ع ر ب (ʿ-r-b)

  1. forms words related to forceful behavior

EtymologyEdit

Compare Ugaritic 𐎓𐎗𐎁 (ʿrb, to enter), Akkadian 𒆭𒊏 (KU4.RA /erēbu/, to come in, specifically of money, goods, caravan, month, season, water: to come in, to arrive, to flow in).

Derived termsEdit

Verbs
Nouns

Related termsEdit

  • عَرَبُون(ʿarabūn, earnest money) (formed in another Semitic language from the same root)

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “عرب”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 129–130
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “عرب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN