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See also: قطرand فطز

Contents

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ف ط ر(f-ṭ-r). Cognate to Hebrew פָטַר(pāṭar, to set free, to let out, to release, to dismiss), Aramaic פָטַר(pāṭar, to cleave, to separate, to free, to discharge), Aramaic פְטַר(pəṭar, to free, to release, to dismiss), Classical Syriac ܦܛܰܪ(pṭar, to leave, to desist from; to shoot out; to separate, to dissolve; to dismiss), Ugaritic 𐎔𐎉𐎗 (pṭr, to split), hypercorrected Ugaritic 𐎔𐎑𐎗 (pẓr, to free, to loosen, to let go), Akkadian 𒃮 (DUḪ /paṭāru/, to loosen, to detach; to relax, to slacken; to release, to let free; to disperse), and Ge'ez ፈጠረ (fäṭärä, to carve; to feign; to create) which has been borrowed into a second فَطَرَ(faṭara).

VerbEdit

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to rip apart, to rend the seam, to cleave, to break apart, to crack
  2. to split open, to cut open, to slit open, to crack
  3. to lance, to lacerate, to gash, to cut, to make an incision
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to breakfast, to have breakfast
ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

فَطْر (faṭrm (plural فُطُور(fuṭūr))

  1. verbal noun of فَطَرَ (faṭara) (form I)
  2. crack, fissure, rift, rupture, cleavage
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

فِطْر (fiṭrm

  1. breaking of the fast
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

فُطْر (fuṭrm (collective, singulative فُطْرَة(fuṭra))

  1. fungi, mushrooms
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ge'ez ፈጠረ (fäṭärä). Doublet of the former فَطَرَ(faṭara) for the Ethiopic one is cognate.

VerbEdit

فَطَرَ (faṭara) I, non-past يَفْطُرُ‎‎ (yafṭuru)

  1. to shape, to make, to form, to create, to fashion, to compose, to bring forth
    Synonyms: بَرَأَ(baraʾa), خَلَقَ(ḵalaqa), أَحْدَثَ(ʾaḥdaṯa)
  2. (with عَلَى) to endow
ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

فَطْر (faṭrm

  1. verbal noun of فَطَرَ (faṭara) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

فِطَر (fiṭarf pl

  1. plural of فِطْرَة(fiṭra, nature, disposition, constitution, temperament, instinct)

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “فطر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 357
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 49
  • Schwally, Friedrich (1899), “Lexikalische Studien. (Fortsetzung.)”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2] (in German), volume 53, page 201