قلعة

See also: قلعہand قلعه

ArabicEdit

 
قَلْعَة
 
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Etymology 1Edit

Unknown. Possibilities include:

  • From the Arabic root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).
  • From Persian کلات(kalât, fortress), since a borrowing of this word regularly yields the shape قَلْعَة (qalʿa). Akin to Mazanderani کلا(kalâ, borough) and probably Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ, town) (under ancient circumstances “fortress, castle” and “town” isn’t necessarily a meaning difference).
  • From the name of the Malay town below, after its high walls, perhaps supported by how the vocalization varies between قَلْعَة (qalʿa), قِلْعَة (qilʿa) and قَلَعَة (qalaʿa).
  • From Proto-Turkic *kiāl-mak (to remain). Compare the early Turkic borrowing for a fortification خَازُوق(ḵāzūq, pale, stake).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf (plural قِلَاع(qilāʿ) or قُلُوع(qulūʿ) or قَلَعَات(qalaʿāt))

  1. fortress, fort, castle
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
Toponyms
  • Spanish: Alcalá
  • Sicilian: Carta-
  • Sicilian: Cala-
  • Arabic: قَلْعَةْ النِسَاء (qalʿat an-nisāʾ, Fort of the Women)

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).

NounEdit

قُلْعَة (qulʿaf

  1. (obsolete) distancing oneself, remotion, depart, not resting
    Synonym: رِحْلَة(riḥla)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Proper nounEdit

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf

  1. alternative form of كَلَة(kala, the tin-exporting port town)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “قلعة”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 396
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 237
  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قلعة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 490
  • Mirzoyan, Knarik; Charchyan, Tadevos (2016), “Some Persian Loanwords in Tatar Language”, in Problems of Oriental Studies[1], volume 12, Yerevan: University Press, page 256
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “قلعة”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen, page 853
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قلعة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 920

South Levantine ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلْعَة(qalʿa).

NounEdit

قلعة (ʔalʕaf (plural قلاع(ʔilāʕ))

  1. fort, fortress, castle
  2. (chess) rook

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in South Levantine Arabic · قطع الشطرنج(ʔuṭaʕ iš-šaṭranj) (layout · text)
           
ملك(malek) ملكة(malake) قلعة (ʔalʕa) وزير(wazīr) حصان(ḥsān) جندي(jundi)