ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ق م ر(q-m-r). The Arabic word for the moon is alone in the Semitic languages and of unknown origin. Compare also Amharic ቀመር (qä-mä-rə /qämär/, moon), Dahalik qa-mä-re-tə (/qammaret/, moon) and ቀመር (qä-mä-rə /qamar/), synonym for ወርሕ (wä-rə-ḥə /warɛḥ/) (from Proto-Semitic warḫ-), but still uncertain if possibly borrowed from Arabic or a native form. Possible distant relationship with Akkadian 𒄣𒈠𒊒𒌑 (qu-ma-ru-u2 /qummārû/, to be naked, exposed; to have leprosy, to have mold or fungus, to change in color, to be splotched with white, to be dazzling or whitened; also a designation of sheep) as the Arabic term originally referred to the moon at any time other than the beginning and end of the month without light, the illuminated spotted surface of the moon before it is obscured again.

VerbEdit

قَمَرَ (qamara) I, non-past يَقْمِرُ‎‎ (yaqmiru)

  1. to gamble

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

قَمَرَ (qamara) I, non-past يَقْمِرُor يَقْمُرُ‎‎ (yaqmiru or yaqmuru)

  1. to defeat in gambling

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

قَمِرَ (qamira) I, non-past يَقْمَرُ‎‎ (yaqmaru)

  1. to be or become snow-blind

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

قَمَّرَ (qammara) II, non-past يُقَمِّرُ‎‎ (yuqammiru)

  1. to toast (bread)

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

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قَمَر (qamarm (plural أَقْمَار(ʾaqmār))

  1. moon
    609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:176:
    تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ بُرُوجًا وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا سِرَاجًا وَقَمَرًا مُنِيرًا
    tabāraka allaḏī jaʿala fī s-samāʾi burūjan wajaʿala fīhā sirājan waqamaran munīran
    Blessed is He who has placed in the sky great stars and placed therein a [burning] lamp and luminous moon.
  2. satellite
    Synonyms: سَاتِل(sātil), قَمَر صِنَاعِيّ(qamar ṣināʿiyy)
  3. snow blindness
  4. (figurative) a beautiful or handsome person
    قَمَرُ بَنِي هَاشِم‎ ― qamaru banī hāšimThe Moon of the Sons of Hashim [title of Abbas ibn Ali]

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Gulf Arabic: قمر(gumar)
  • Persian: قمر(qamar)

NounEdit

قَمْر (qamrm

  1. verbal noun of قَمِرَ (qamira) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of قَمَرَ (qamara) (form I)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “قمر”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 403
  • Freytag, Georg (1835) , “قمر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 495–496
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “قمر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 855
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “قمر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 923

Gulf ArabicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قمر (gumarm (dual قمرين(gumarēn), plural اقمار(aqmār) or اقمار(agmār))

  1. moon
  2. (figurative) a very beautiful or handsome person, regardless of gender

Moroccan ArabicEdit

Root
ق م ر

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قمر (qamarm (plural أقمار(ʔaqmār))

  1. moon

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic قَمَّرَ(qammara).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قمر (qammar) (non-past يقمر(yqammar), form II)

  1. to gamble
ConjugationEdit

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَمَر(qamar).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قمر (qamar) (plural اقمار(aqmâr) or قمرها(qamar-hâ))

  1. (archaic, poetic) moon
    Synonym: ماه(mâh)
  2. satellite
    Synonym: ماهواره(mâhvâre)