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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ل ب ن(l-b-n). Cognate to Hebrew לָבָן(laván, white), Ugaritic 𐎍𐎁𐎐 (lbn), and Phoenician 𐤋𐤁𐤍(lbn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

لَبَن (labanm (plural أَلْبَان(ʾalbān) or لِبَان(libān))

  1. (uncountable) milk
    لَا تَأْكُلِ السَّمَكَ وَتَشْرَبَ اللَّبَنَ‎‎
    lā taʾkuli s-samaka watašraba l-labana
    Do not eat fish and drink milk
  2. (uncountable) leban, coagulated sour milk
  3. اَلْأَلْبَان (al-ʾalbān): dairy products
  4. yogurt
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

As Hebrew לְבֵנָה(ləḇenā́, brick) borrowed from Aramaic לְבִינְּתָּא(ləḇinṯā, ləḇittā) (written in Classical Syriac ܠܒܬܐ(ləḇettā)), from Akkadian 𒋞 (SIG4 /libittu/), whence also Ugaritic 𐎍𐎁𐎐𐎚 (lbnt), from the root in Akkadian corresponding to ل ب ن(l-b-n), apparently the singulative in Arabic came first.

NounEdit

لِبْن or لَبِن (libn or labinm (collective, singulative لِبْنَة(libna) or لَبِنَة(labina))

  1. bricks, adobes
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Denominal verb of لَبِن(labin, brick).

VerbEdit

لَبَّنَ (labbana) II, non-past يُلَبِّنُ‎‎ (yulabbinu)

  1. to make brick
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • lbnh”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 4–5
  • Kaufman, Stephen A. (1974) The Akkadian Influences on Aramaic (The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago Assyriological Studies; 19)‎[1], Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, →ISBN, page 66

Gulf ArabicEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kuwait) IPA(key): /ˈlɪbən/

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic لَبَن(laban), from the root ل ب ن.

NounEdit

لِبَن (lébanf

  1. (uncountable) leban, coagulated sour milk.