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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ن ف س(n-f-s).

VerbEdit

نَفُسَ (nafusa) I, non-past يَنْفُسُ‎‎ (yanfusu)

  1. to be priceless, to be precious, to be valuable
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to be niggardly, to be stingy, to be sparing
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)

  1. to envy, to begrudge
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَفِسَ (nafisa) I, non-past يَنْفَسُ‎‎ (yanfasu)
نُفِسَ (nufisa) I, non-past يُنْفَسُ‎‎ (yunfasu)

  1. to be in childbed
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَفَّسَ (naffasa) II, non-past يُنَفِّسُ‎‎ (yunaffisu)

  1. to comfort, to cheer up, to reassure, to appease
  2. to relieve, to dispel, to banish
  3. to air, to vent
  4. to uncover, to reveal, to voice
  5. to cease, to desist
  6. to let out air
  7. to be in childbed
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Semitic *napš-.

NounEdit

IPA(key): /nafs/

نَفْس (nafsf (plural نُفُوس(nufūs) or أَنْفُس(ʾanfus))

  1. self
    1. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) in idafa with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
      نَفْسُهُ‎ ― nafsuhuhimself
      1. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) as reflexive
        قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ‎ ― qatala nafsahuHe killed himself. [reflexive]
        رَأَيْتُ نَفْسِي فِي ٱلْمِرْآةِ‎ ― raʾaytu nafsī fī l-mirʾātiI saw myself in the mirror.
      2. (plural أَنْفُس(ʾanfus)) as emphatic syn.
        جَاءَنِي هُوَ نَفْسُهُ.‎‎
        jāʾanī huwa nafsuhu.
        He came to me himself or in person.
  2. same used in the construct state, with a modifying noun in the genitive, or after the noun with an enclitic pronoun attached to it
    نَفْسُ ٱلشَّيْءِ‎ ― nafsu š-šayʾithe same thing
    فِي نَفْسِ ٱلْيَوْمِ، فِي ٱلْيَوْمِ نَفْسِهِ
    fī nafsi l-yawmi, fī l-yawmi nafsihi
    on the same day
  3. consciousness
  4. psyche, mind
  5. spirit, soul
  6. life, breath
  7. essence, nature
  8. inclination, appetite, proclivity
  9. personal identity
InflectionEdit
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

IPA(key): /nafs/

نَفْس (nafsm (plural نُفُوس(nufūs) or أَنْفُس(ʾanfus))

  1. living creature, living being, human being, person
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

IPA(key): /na.fas/

(file)

نَفَس (nafasm (plural أَنْفَاس(ʾanfās))

  1. verbal noun of نَفِسَ (nafisa) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of نَفُسَ (nafusa) (form I)
  3. breath
  4. puff, draw (of smoke)
  5. gulp, draught
  6. freedom, liberty, convenience, discretion
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Azerbaijani: nəfəs
  • Baluchi: نپس(napas)
  • Indonesian: napas, nafas
  • Malay: nafas
  • Persian: نفس(nafas)
  • Turkish: nefes

ReferencesEdit

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “نفس”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes, volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 700–701
  • Freytag, Georg (1837), “نفس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 313
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “نفس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, pages 1155–1556

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic نَفَس(nafas).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

نفس (nafas) (plural نفس‌ها(nafas-hâ) or انفاس(anfâs))

  1. breath
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic نَفْس(nafs).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

نفس (nafs) (plural نفس‌ها(nafs-hâ) or نفوس(nofus))

  1. soul, self
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. personal identity