See also: ہل

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Univerbation of هَـ(ha-, now interrogative أَ(ʾa)) +‎ لـ(l-, affirmative particle, found as لَـ (la-, truly) and the exhortative لِـ (li-) the vowel of which disappears between فَـ(fa-) or وَ(wa) and a following verb).

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

هَلْ (hal)

  1. Interrogative particle that is added to the beginning of a declarative sentence to change it into a yes-or-no question.
    هَلْ تَتَكَلَّمُ بِٱلإِنْجْلِيزِيَّةِ؟‎‎
    hal tatakallamu bi-l-ʾinjlīziyyati?
    Do you speak English?
    هَلْ فَتَحْتَ النَّافِذَةَ؟‎‎
    hal fataḥta n-nāfiḏata?
    Did you open the window?
    هَلِ ٱلْوَلَدُ فِي ٱلْمَدْرَسَةِ؟‎‎
    hali l-waladu fī l-madrasati?
    Is the boy at school?
    هَلْ أَنْتَ مِصْرِيٌّ؟‎‎
    hal ʾanta miṣriyyun?
    Are you Egyptian?
  2. Used to suggest an action
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 61:10:
      هَلْ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى تِجَارَةٍ تُنْجِيكُم مِنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
      hal ʾadullukum ʿalā tijāratin tunjīkum min ʿaḏābin ʾalīmin
      Shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment?

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Tropper, Josef (2003), “Sekundäres wortanlautendes Alif im Arabischen”, in Kogan, Leonid, editor, Studia Semitica (Orientalia: Papers of the Oriental Institute; III), Moscow, →ISBN, pages 200–201

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian ʾwl (ul, up(wards)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هل (hol)

  1. push, shove
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
هل
Wikipedia fa

From earlier هیل(hil), ultimately from Sanskrit एला (elā), borrowed from Proto-Dravidian *ēla.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هل (hel)

  1. cardamom
DescendantsEdit
  • Arabic: هَيْل(hayl), هال(hāl)
    • Hijazi Arabic: هيل(hēl)
  • Middle Armenian: հէլ (hēl), հիլ (hil)
  • Azerbaijani: hil (hil)
  • Bashkardi:
    Minābi: هیل(hil), هل(hel)
  • Georgian: ილი (ili)
  • Hebrew: הֵל(hel)
  • Pashto: هیل(hale)

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

هل (hel-)

  1. present stem of هلیدن
  2. present stem of هشتن