Arabic

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Etymology 1

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Uncertain. Probably from the root ه و د (h-w-d), related to returning. See هاد (hād). Otherwise, it might be related to ه د ي (h-d-y), related to guidance. See هادٍ (hādin).

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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هُود (hūdm

  1. (Islam) Hud, a prophet of Islam, sometimes identified with Eber in the Bible
  2. (Islam) Hud, the eleventh sura of the Qur'an
Declension
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See also
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from a different Aramaic dialect than from which يَهُودِيّ (yahūdiyy) was borrowed, where the anlauting part was weakened to i or disappeared. No singulative is attested and the form was obsolete already at the time of the Qurʾān, only used formulaically.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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هُود (hūdpl (collective) (obsolete)

  1. Jews
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:135:
      وَقَالُوا كُونُوا هُودًا أَوْ نَصَارَىٰ تَهْتَدُوا
      waqālū kūnū hūdan ʔaw naṣārā tahtadū
      They say, "Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided."
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Denominal verb of هُود (hūd), with the second triliteral conjugation implying the bestowing of a particular quality.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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هَوَّدَ (hawwada) II, non-past يُهَوِّدُ‎ (yuhawwidu)

  1. to Judaize, to make Jewish
    • 7th century CE, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Buḵāriyy, 23:137:
      كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ، فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ يُمَجِّسَانِهِ
      kullu mawlūdin yūladu ʕalā l-fiṭrati, faʔabawāhu yuhawwidānihi ʔaw yunaṣṣirānihi ʔaw yumajjisānihi
      Every newborn is born upon the fitra (i.e., in a state of submission to God or al-islām); its parents then Judaize or Christianize or Zoroastrianize it.
Conjugation
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Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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هَوْد (hawdm (obsolete)

  1. verbal noun of هَادَ (hāda) (form I)
Declension
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Etymology 5

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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هَوَّدَ (hawwada) II, non-past يُهَوِّدُ‎ (yuhawwidu)

  1. to make someone drunk, to intoxicate someone, to inebriate someone, to souse someone
  2. to walk slowly
Conjugation
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References

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  • Hopkins, Simon (1997) “On the Words for “Jew(s)” in Arabic”, in Uri Rubin, David J. Wasserstein, editors, Dhimmis and Others: Jews and Christians and the World of Classical Islam (Israel Oriental Studies; 17), Eisenbrauns, pages 11–27
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 293–294

Moroccan Arabic

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Etymology

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Root
ه و د
1 term

From Arabic هَوَّدَ (hawwada).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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هود (hawwad) II (non-past يهود (yhawwad))

  1. to descend, to come down, to go down
    Synonyms: نزل (nzal), هبط (hbaṭ)
  2. to get off
    Synonyms: نزل (nzal), هبط (hbaṭ)

Conjugation

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    Conjugation of هود
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m هوّدت (hawwadt) هوّدتي (hawwadti) هوّد (hawwad) هوّدنا (hawwadna) هوّدتوا (hawwadtu) هوّدوا (hawwdu)
f هوّدت (hawwdāt)
non-past m نهوّد (nhawwad) تهوّد (thawwad) يهوّد (yhawwad) نهوّدوا (nhawwdu) تهوّدوا (thawwdu) يهوّدوا (yhawwdu)
f تهوّدي (thawwdi) تهوّد (thawwad)
imperative m هوّد (hawwad) هوّدوا (hawwdu)
f هوّدي (hawwdi)

Persian

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Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic هُود (hūd).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? huḏ
Dari reading? hud
Iranian reading? hod
Tajik reading? hud

Proper noun

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Dari هود
Iranian Persian
Tajik Ҳуд

هود (hod)

  1. (Islam) Hud, a prophet in Islam.