ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

هُود (hūdm

  1. (Islam) Hud, a prophet of Islam, sometimes identified with Eber in the Bible
  2. (Islam) Hud, the eleventh sura of the Qur'an
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from a different Aramaic dialect than from which يَهُودِيّ(yahūdiyy) was borrowed, where the anlauting part was weakened to i or disappeared. No singulative is attested and the form was obsolete already at the time of the Qurʾān, only used formulaically.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هُود (hūdpl (obsolete)

  1. Jews
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:135:
      وَقَالُوا كُونُوا هُودًا أَوْ نَصَارَىٰ تَهْتَدُوا
      waqālū kūnū hūdan ʾaw naṣārā tahtadū
      They say, "Be Jews or Christians [so] you will be guided."
DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Denominal verb from هُود(hūd), with the second triliteral conjugation implying the bestowing of a particular quality.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

هَوَّدَ (hawwada) II, non-past يُهَوِّدُ‎‎ (yuhawwidu)

  1. to Judaize, to make Jewish
    • Hadith
      كُلُّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ أَوْ يُنَصِّرَانِهِ أَوْ يُمَجِّسَانِهِ
      kullu mawlūdin yūladu ʿalā l-fiṭrati faʾabawāhu yuhawwidānihi ʾaw yunaṣṣirānihi ʾaw yumajjisānihi
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

ConjugationEdit

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

هَوْد (hawdm (obsolete)

  1. verbal noun of هَادَ(hāda) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Hopkins, Simon (1997) , “On the Words for “Jew(s)” in Arabic”, in Uri Rubin, David J. Wasserstein, editors, Dhimmis and Others: Jews and Christians and the World of Classical Islam (Israel Oriental Studies; 17), Eisenbrauns, pages 11–27
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 293–294

Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
ه و د

From Arabic هَوَّدَ(hawwada).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

هود (hawwad) (form II, non-past يهود(yhawwad))

  1. to descend, to come down, to go down
    Synonyms: نزل(nzal), هبط(hbaṭ)
  2. to get off
    Synonyms: نزل(nzal), هبط(hbaṭ)

ConjugationEdit