See also: وزیر

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

The original attested meaning is “assistant”, and the political sense only arose in the Umayyad period. Likely related to the verb وَزَرَ (wazara, to carry, to shoulder) with the root و ز ر (w-z-r), meaning “someone who carries a burden”, but owing to the idea of assistance by handmen this may be denominal. Claimed to be borrowed from an Iranian term surfacing as Middle Persian [script needed] (wcyl /⁠vičīr⁠/, decision, judgment), Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬗𐬌𐬭𐬀 (vīcira, arbitrator, judge, literally deciding, one who is taking or has made a decision).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /wa.ziːr/
  • (file)

Noun edit

وَزِير (wazīrm (plural وُزَرَاء (wuzarāʔ), feminine وَزِيرَة (wazīra))

  1. minister, cabinet minister
  2. vizier
  3. helper, assistant
  4. (chess) queen

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

See also edit

Chess pieces in Arabic · (layout · text)
شَاه (šāh) وَزِير (wazīr) رُخّ (ruḵḵ) فِيل (fīl) حِصَان (ḥiṣān) بَيْدَق (baydaq) – جُنْدِيّ (jundiyy)

References edit

  • Cheung, Johnny (2017) On the (Middle) Iranian borrowings in Qurʾānic (and pre-Islamic) Arabic[1], Leiden: Leiden University, pages 19–20
  • Eilers, Wilhelm (1962) “Iranisches Lehngut im arabischen Lexikon”, in Indo-Iranian Journal (in German), volume 5, number 3, pages 216–218
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “وزير”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[2], London: Williams & Norgate, page 2939b
  • Shapira, Dan D. Y. (2009) “Irano-Arabica: contamination and popular etymology. Notes on the Persian and Arabic lexicons (with references to Aramaic, Hebrew and Turkic)”, in Христианский Восток – Новая Серия, volume 5 (XI), Moscow: Издательство Российской Академии Наук и Государственного Эрмитажа, page 182

Pashto edit

Pronunciation edit

Proper noun edit

وزير (Wëzírm

  1. Wazir, Pashtun tribe name

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Arabic وَزِير (wazīr).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /wa.ziːr/, [waˈziːr]
  • (file)

Noun edit

وزير (wazīrm (plural وزرا (wuzara))

  1. minister
  2. (chess) bishop

See also edit

Chess pieces in South Levantine Arabic · قطع الشطرنج (ʔuṭaʕ iš-šaṭranj) (layout · text)
ملك (malik) ملكة (malike) قلعة (ʔalʕa) وزير (wazīr) حصان (ḥsān) جندي (jundi)