Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Arabic سَاعَة(sāʿa(t)) and Hebrew שָׁעָה(šāʿâ).


  • IPA(key): [ʃɑʕ(ə)θɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃɑʕe(ʔ)], [ʃɑʕɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܥܬܐ ‎(transliteration neededf ‎(plural ܫܥܬܐ or ܫܥܐ)

  1. hour (60 minutes)
  2. time, o'clock
  3. moment
  4. season
  5. (astronomy) angle, degree
  6. (astronomy) ascendant
  7. unit of weight equal to 5 oz.
  8. (astrology) horoscope
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually, the plural ܫܥܐ(šāʿēʾ) is a paucal plural (from two to ten) while the plural ܫܥܬܐ(šāʿāṯāʾ) is a multiple plural (eleven or more).
  • The absolute singular form ܫܥ(šāʿ) only occurs in the compound ܟܠܫܥ(kolšāʿ, always).

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ܫ-ܥ-ܐ(š-ʿ-ʾ) related to playing.


  • IPA(key): [ʃ(ə)ʕɑθɑ(ʔ)] (singular and plural)


ܫܥܬܐ ‎(transliteration neededf ‎(plural ܫܥܬܐ)

  1. amusement, joke
  2. laughing stock
  3. play, game
  4. sport
  5. spectacle


  • $(h”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, pp. 363a, 375b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 588a, 598a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1584b-1585a