अवतार

Contents

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit अवतार ‎(avatāra, descended from the sky).

NounEdit

अवतार ‎(avatārm ‎(Urdu spelling اوتار)

  1. descent
  2. a respected person (flattery)
  3. a wicked person (ironically)
  4. translation
  5. crossing
  6. incarnation

DescendantsEdit


MarathiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit अवतार ‎(ava-tāra).

NounEdit

अवतार ‎(avatār?

  1. avatar
  2. descending, descent

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

अव- ‎(ava, down) +‎ तार ‎(tāra, savior), from Proto-Indo-European *aw- ‎(off, away) + *terh₂- ‎(to cross over)

NounEdit

अवतार ‎(ava-tāram

  1. avatar: descent (especially of a deity from heaven), appearance of any deity upon earth (but more particularly the incarnations of Vishnu in ten principal forms, namely the fish tortoise, boar, man lion, dwarf, the two Ramas, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki) (MBh. xii, 12941 seqq.)
    • 11th c., Kshemendra, The Grace of Guile, Chapter 10: Virtue, verse 10.21:
      Madanaś chala|caurāṇāṃ / strī|vacanaṃ jñāti|bhedānām
      krūraś caṇḍālānāṃ / †māyāvī kali|yug’|âvatārāṇām†;
      The God of love among sneaky thieves, / women’s words among dividers of kinsmen,
      a cruel one among chandálas, / a necromancer among those incarnated / in the age of darkness;
  2. any new and unexpected appearance (Ragh. iii, 36 & v, 24, etc.)
  3. any distinguished person in the language of respect is called an avatāra or incarnation of a deity
  4. opportunity of catching any one (Buddh.)
  5. a तीर्थ ‎(tīrtha) or sacred place (L.)
  6. translation (L.)

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of अवतार
Nom. sg. अवतारः ‎(avatāraḥ)
Gen. sg. अवतारस्य ‎(avatārasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अवतारः ‎(avatāraḥ) अवतारौ ‎(avatārau) अवताराः ‎(avatārāḥ)
Vocative अवतार ‎(avatāra) अवतारौ ‎(avatārau) अवताराः ‎(avatārāḥ)
Accusative अवतारम् ‎(avatāram) अवतारौ ‎(avatārau) अवतारान् ‎(avatārān)
Instrumental अवतारेण ‎(avatāreṇa) अवताराभ्याम् ‎(avatārābhyām) अवतारैः ‎(avatāraiḥ)
Dative अवताराय ‎(avatārāya) अवताराभ्याम् ‎(avatārābhyām) अवतारेभ्यः ‎(avatārebhyaḥ)
Ablative अवतारात् ‎(avatārāt) अवताराभ्याम् ‎(avatārābhyām) अवतारेभ्यः ‎(avatārebhyaḥ)
Genitive अवतारस्य ‎(avatārasya) अवतारयोः ‎(avatārayoḥ) अवताराणाम् ‎(avatārāṇām)
Locative अवतारे ‎(avatāre) अवतारयोः ‎(avatārayoḥ) अवतारेषु ‎(avatāreṣu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0099
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