अहि

Old GujaratiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit अहि (ahi).

NounEdit

अहि (ahim

  1. snake

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

अहि m

  1. Devanagari script form of ahi (snake)

DeclensionEdit

VerbEdit

अहि

  1. Devanagari script form of ahi, which is second-person singular imperative active of अत्थि (atthi, to be)

SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háǰʰiš (snake, serpent), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis (snake). Cognates include Avestan 𐬀𐬲𐬌(aži), Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis), Old Armenian իժ ().

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अहि (áhim

  1. a snake, serpent
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 9.86.44:
      अहिर्न जूर्णामति सर्पति त्वचमत्यो न क्रीळन्नसरद्वृषा हरिः ॥
      ahirna jūrṇāmati sarpati tvacamatyo na krīḷannasaradvṛṣā hariḥ .
      He glideth like a serpent from his ancient skin, and like a playful horse the Tawny Steer hath run.
    • c. 1200 BCE – 800 BCE, Kṛṣṇa-Yajurveda (Taittirīya Saṃhitā) IV.5.1.6.2:
      अहींश्च सर्वाञ्जम्भयन्त्सर्वाश्च यातुधा॒न्यः॑ ॥
      ahīṃśca sarvāñjambhayantsarvāśca yātudhānyaḥ .
      [Rudra] confounds all the serpents and all sorceries.
  2. the serpent of the sky, the demon Vritra
  3. (arithmetic) the number eight

DeclensionEdit

Masculine i-stem declension of अहि (áhi)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अहिः
áhiḥ
अही
áhī
अहयः
áhayaḥ
Vocative अहे
áhe
अही
áhī
अहयः
áhayaḥ
Accusative अहिम्
áhim
अही
áhī
अहीन्
áhīn
Instrumental अहिना / अह्या¹
áhinā / áhyā¹
अहिभ्याम्
áhibhyām
अहिभिः
áhibhiḥ
Dative अहये / अह्ये²
áhaye / áhye²
अहिभ्याम्
áhibhyām
अहिभ्यः
áhibhyaḥ
Ablative अहेः / अह्यः²
áheḥ / áhyaḥ²
अहिभ्याम्
áhibhyām
अहिभ्यः
áhibhyaḥ
Genitive अहेः / अह्यः²
áheḥ / áhyaḥ²
अह्योः
áhyoḥ
अहीनाम्
áhīnām
Locative अहौ
áhau
अह्योः
áhyoḥ
अहिषु
áhiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

DescendantsEdit

  • Assamese: অহি (ohi)
  • Bengali: অহি (ôhi)
  • Proto-Dardic: *áhi
    • Khowar: اي()
  • Marathi: अहि (ahi)
  • Pali: ahi
  • Tamil: அகி (aki) (semi-learned)
  • Telugu: అహి (ahi)