SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Huṣā́s, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hušā́s, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwsōs (dawn), which was also personified as a goddess of dawn in Proto-Indo-European religion. Cognate with Latin Aurora/aurora, Ancient Greek Ἠώς (Ēṓs)/ἠώς (ēṓs) and possibly Old English Ēostre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

उषस् (uṣásf

  1. morning light, dawn, morning
    • RV 3.20.1
      अग्निमुषसमश्विना दधिक्रां वयुष्टिषु हवते वह्निरुक्थैः |
      सुज्योतिषो नः शर्ण्वन्तु देवाः सजोषसो अध्वरं वावशानाः |
      aghnimuṣasamaśvinā dadhikrāṃ vyuṣṭiṣu havate vahnirukthaiḥ |
      sujyotiṣo naḥ śṛṇvantu devāḥ sajoṣaso adhvaraṃ vāvaśānāḥ ||
      WITH lauds at break of morn the priest invoketh Agni, Dawn, Dadhikrās, and both the Aśvins.
      With one consent the Gods whose light is splendid, longing to taste our sacrifice, shall hear us.
  2. Ushas (personified as the daughter of heaven and sister of the Adityas and the night)
    • RV 6.64.1
      उदु शरिय उषसो रोचमाना अस्थुरपां नोर्मयो रुशन्तः |
      कृणोति विश्वा सुपथा सुगान्यभूदु वस्वी दक्षिणामघोनी ||
      udu śriya uṣaso rocamānā asthurapāṃ normayo ruśantaḥ |
      kṛṇoti viśvā supathā sughānyabhūdu vasvī dakṣiṇāmaghonī ||
      THE radiant Dawns have risen up for glory, in their white splendour like the waves of waters.
      She maketh paths all easy, fair to travel, and, rich, hath shown herself benign and friendly.
  3. the evening light
  4. name of a wife of Bhava or Rudra
  5. (in the dual) night and morning
    • RV 3.4.6
      आ भन्दमाने उषसा उपाके उत समयेते तन्वा विरूपे |
      यथा नो मित्रो वरुणो जुजोषदिन्द्रो मरुत्वानुत वा महोभिः ||
      ā bhandamāne uṣasā upāke uta smayete tanvā virūpe |
      yathā no mitro varuṇo jujoṣadindro marutvānuta vā mahobhiḥ ||
      Night and Dawn, lauded, hither come together, both smiling, different are their forms in colour,
      That Varuṇa and Mitra may accept us, and Indra, girt by Maruts, with his glories.

DeclensionEdit

Feminine as-stem declension of उषस् (uṣás)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative उषाः
uṣā́ḥ
उषसा / उषासा / उषासौ
uṣásā / uṣā́sā / uṣā́sau
उषासः / उषसः
uṣā́saḥ / uṣásaḥ
Vocative उषः
uṣáḥ
उषसौ / उषसा¹
úṣasau / úṣasā¹
उषसः / उषाः¹
úṣasaḥ / úṣāḥ¹
Accusative उषसम् / उषाम्¹
uṣásam / uṣā́m¹
उषसौ / उषसा¹
uṣásau / uṣásā¹
उषसः / उषाः¹
uṣásaḥ / uṣā́ḥ¹
Instrumental उषसा
uṣásā
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषद्भिः
uṣádbhiḥ
Dative उषसे
uṣáse
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषोभ्यः
uṣóbhyaḥ
Ablative उषसः
uṣásaḥ
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषोभ्यः
uṣóbhyaḥ
Genitive उषसः
uṣásaḥ
उषसोः
uṣásoḥ
उषसाम्
uṣásām
Locative उषसि
uṣási
उषसोः
uṣásoḥ
उषःसु
uṣáḥsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

NounEdit

उषस् (uṣásn

  1. daybreak, dawn, twilight
  2. the outer passage of the ear
  3. the मालय (mālaya) range

DeclensionEdit

Neuter as-stem declension of उषस् (uṣás)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative उषः
uṣáḥ
उषसी
uṣásī
उषांसि
uṣā́ṃsi
Vocative उषः
uṣáḥ
उषसी
úṣasī
उषांसि
úṣāṃsi
Accusative उषः
uṣáḥ
उषसी
uṣásī
उषांसि
uṣā́ṃsi
Instrumental उषसा
uṣásā
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषोभिः
uṣóbhiḥ
Dative उषसे
uṣáse
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषोभ्यः
uṣóbhyaḥ
Ablative उषसः
uṣásaḥ
उषोभ्याम्
uṣóbhyām
उषोभ्यः
uṣóbhyaḥ
Genitive उषसः
uṣásaḥ
उषसोः
uṣásoḥ
उषसाम्
uṣásām
Locative उषसि
uṣási
उषसोः
uṣásoḥ
उषःसु
uṣáḥsu