काम

HindiEdit

 
काम
 
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PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kɑːm/, [kä̃ːm]

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman). Doublet of कर्म (karm). Cognate with Punjabi ਕੱਮ (kamma), Assamese কাম (kam).

NounEdit

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام‎)

  1. work, task, labour
    मैं कारख़ाने में काम करता हूँ।
    ma͠i kārxāne mẽ kām kartā hū̃.
    I work at a factory.
    Synonym: क्रिया (kriyā)
  2. job, employment
    आजकल मैं काम की तलाश कर रहा हूँ।
    ājkal ma͠i kām kī talāś kar rahā hū̃.
    These days I am looking for a job.
    Synonyms: नौकरी (naukrī), रोज़गार (rozgār)
  3. function, purpose
    यह बक्सा मेज़ का काम देगा।
    yah baksā mez kā kām degā.
    This box will serve the function of a table.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit काम (kāma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kā́ma.

NounEdit

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام‎)

  1. lust, sexual passion, desire
  2. (Hinduism) the god of love
    Synonym: कामदेव (kāmdev)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


MarathiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Marathi 𑘎𑘰𑘦 (kāma), from Maharastri Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *kárma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kárma, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make). Doublet of कर्म (karma).

NounEdit

काम (kāmn

  1. work, task
  2. job, occupation

ReferencesEdit

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “काम”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas, “काम”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press, 1857.
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna (1932-1950), “काम”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

NepaliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit कर्मन् (karman)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

काम (kām)

  1. work, act
  2. job, occupation
  3. lust, sexual passion, desire

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

काम m

  1. Devanagari script form of kāma

SanskritEdit

 
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Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *káHmas (desire), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂-mo-s, from *keh₂- (to desire, wish). Cognate to Avestan 𐬐𐬁𐬨𐬀(kāma, desire), Persian کام(kâm, desire).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

काम (kā́mam

  1. wish, desire, longing
  2. love, affection, object of desire or of love or of pleasure
  3. pleasure, enjoyment
  4. love, especially sexual love or sensuality
  5. Love or Desire personified

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of काम (kā́ma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः
kā́maḥ
कामौ
kā́mau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Vocative काम
kā́ma
कामौ
kā́mau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Accusative कामम्
kā́mam
कामौ
kā́mau
कामान्
kā́mān
Instrumental कामेन
kā́mena
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामैः / कामेभिः¹
kā́maiḥ / kā́mebhiḥ¹
Dative कामाय
kā́māya
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Ablative कामात्
kā́māt
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Genitive कामस्य
kā́masya
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामानाम्
kā́mānām
Locative कामे
kā́me
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामेषु
kā́meṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Dardic: [Term?]
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀓𑀸𑀫 (kāma)
  • Paisaci Prakrit:
  • Pali: kāma
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀓𑀸𑀫 (kāma)
  • Hindi: काम (kām)
  • Urdu: کام
  • English: kama
  • Japanese: カーマ (Kāma)
  • Thai: กาม (gaam)

Proper nounEdit

काम (kāmam

  1. (Hinduism) Kamadeva, the god of love

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of काम (kāma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः
kāmaḥ
कामौ
kāmau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kāmāḥ / kāmāsaḥ¹
Vocative काम
kāma
कामौ
kāmau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kāmāḥ / kāmāsaḥ¹
Accusative कामम्
kāmam
कामौ
kāmau
कामान्
kāmān
Instrumental कामेन
kāmena
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामैः / कामेभिः¹
kāmaiḥ / kāmebhiḥ¹
Dative कामाय
kāmāya
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kāmebhyaḥ
Ablative कामात्
kāmāt
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kāmebhyaḥ
Genitive कामस्य
kāmasya
कामयोः
kāmayoḥ
कामानाम्
kāmānām
Locative कामे
kāme
कामयोः
kāmayoḥ
कामेषु
kāmeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

ReferencesEdit