Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit छाया (chāyā́). Doublet of छाँव (chā̃v) and साया (sāyā).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃʰɑː.jɑː/, [t͡ʃʰäː.jäː]

Noun edit

छाया (chāyāf (Urdu spelling چھایا)

  1. shade, a shady place
    Synonym: छाँव (chā̃v)
    तुम्हें छाया में बैठना चाहिए, क्योंकि बहुत गर्मी है
    tumhẽ chāyā mẽ baiṭhnā cāhie, kyõki bahut garmī hai.
    You should sit in the shade, because it is very hot.
  2. shadow, silhouette
    Synonym: परछाई (parchāī)
    पृथ्वी की छाया चन्द्रमा पर है
    pŕthvī kī chāyā candramā par hai.
    The earth's shadow is on the moon.
  3. (rare) apparition, spectre
  4. (figuratively) refuge, protection, shelter

Declension edit

References edit

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

छाया f

  1. Devanagari script form of chāyā

Declension edit

Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *śćaHyáH (shadow), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃ih₂, from *(s)ḱeh₃- (darkness, shadow). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀-𐬯𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀 (a-saiia, shadowless), Persian سایه (sâye, shadow), Latin obscūrus, Ancient Greek σκιά (skiá), English shadow.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

छाया (chāyā́) stemf

  1. shadow; shade; shady place
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.16.38:
      उप च्छायाम्इव घृणेरगन्म शर्म ते वयम् ।
      upa cchāyāmiva ghṛṇeraganma śarma te vayam.
      To thee for shelter are we come, as to the shade from fervent heat
  2. reflection
  3. shading or blending of colours; play of light or colour

Declension edit

Feminine ā-stem declension of छाया (chāyā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative छाया
chāyā́
छाये
chāyé
छायाः
chāyā́ḥ
Vocative छाये
chā́ye
छाये
chā́ye
छायाः
chā́yāḥ
Accusative छायाम्
chāyā́m
छाये
chāyé
छायाः
chāyā́ḥ
Instrumental छायया / छाया¹
chāyáyā / chāyā́¹
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभिः
chāyā́bhiḥ
Dative छायायै
chāyā́yai
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभ्यः
chāyā́bhyaḥ
Ablative छायायाः / छायायै²
chāyā́yāḥ / chāyā́yai²
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभ्यः
chāyā́bhyaḥ
Genitive छायायाः / छायायै²
chāyā́yāḥ / chāyā́yai²
छाययोः
chāyáyoḥ
छायानाम्
chāyā́nām
Locative छायायाम्
chāyā́yām
छाययोः
chāyáyoḥ
छायासु
chāyā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Brāhmaṇas

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899) “छाया”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 406/1.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 559-60
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “chāyāˊ”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press