Hindi

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Sanskrit पात्र (pā́tra).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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पात्र (pātram

  1. cup, goblet, glass; container
    कचरा पात्रkacrā pātragarbage container
  2. actor; character (in a work)
  3. (in compounds) the worthy recipient

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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Sanskrit

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Indo-European *péh₃-tlo-m (instrument for drinking), from *peh₃- (to drink). Cognate with Latin pōculum (drinking cup), Old Irish ól (act of drinking), Mycenaean Greek 𐀞𐀳𐀨 (pa-te-ra).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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पात्र (pā́tra) stemn

  1. a drinking vessel, goblet, bowl, cup, dish, pot, plate, utensil; any vessel or receptacle
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.44.16:
      इदं त्यत् पात्रम् इन्द्रपानमिन्द्रस्य प्रियममृतमपायि ।
      मत्सद्यथा सौमनसाय देवं व्यस्मद्द्वेषो युयवद्व्यंहः ॥
      idaṃ tyat pātram indrapānamindrasya priyamamṛtamapāyi.
      matsadyathā saumanasāya devaṃ vyasmaddveṣo yuyavadvyaṃhaḥ.
      The cup whence Indra drinks the draught is present: the Amṛta dear to Indra hath been drunken,
      That it may cheer the God to gracious favour, and keep far from us hatred and affliction.
  2. an actor or an actor's part or character in a play

Declension

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Neuter a-stem declension of पात्र (pā́tra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पात्रम्
pā́tram
पात्रे
pā́tre
पात्राणि / पात्रा¹
pā́trāṇi / pā́trā¹
Vocative पात्र
pā́tra
पात्रे
pā́tre
पात्राणि / पात्रा¹
pā́trāṇi / pā́trā¹
Accusative पात्रम्
pā́tram
पात्रे
pā́tre
पात्राणि / पात्रा¹
pā́trāṇi / pā́trā¹
Instrumental पात्रेण
pā́treṇa
पात्राभ्याम्
pā́trābhyām
पात्रैः / पात्रेभिः¹
pā́traiḥ / pā́trebhiḥ¹
Dative पात्राय
pā́trāya
पात्राभ्याम्
pā́trābhyām
पात्रेभ्यः
pā́trebhyaḥ
Ablative पात्रात्
pā́trāt
पात्राभ्याम्
pā́trābhyām
पात्रेभ्यः
pā́trebhyaḥ
Genitive पात्रस्य
pā́trasya
पात्रयोः
pā́trayoḥ
पात्राणाम्
pā́trāṇām
Locative पात्रे
pā́tre
पात्रयोः
pā́trayoḥ
पात्रेषु
pā́treṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms

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Descendants

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