बृहस्पति

Hindi

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Sanskrit बृहस्पति (bṛhaspati).

Pronunciation

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  • (Delhi) IPA(key): /bɾɪ.ɦəs.pə.t̪iː/, [bɾɪ.ɦɐs.pɐ.t̪iː]

Proper noun

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बृहस्पति (bŕhaspatim (Urdu spelling بِرْہَسْپَتِی)

  1. (Vedic religion, Hinduism) Bṛhaspati
  2. Jupiter
    बृहस्पति सौरमंडल का सबसे बड़ा ग्रह है।
    bŕhaspati saurmaṇḍal kā sabse baṛā grah hai.
    Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.

Declension

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See also

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Solar System in Hindi · सूर्य-मंडल (sūrya-maṇḍal) (layout · text)
Star सूर्य (sūrya), सूरज (sūraj)
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
बुध (budh) शुक्र (śukra) भूमि (bhūmi),
पृथ्वी (pŕthvī)
मंगल (maṅgal) बृहस्पति (bŕhaspati) शनि (śani) अरुण (aruṇ) वरुण (varuṇ),
अंधा तारा (andhā tārā)
यम (yam)
Notable
moons
चाँद (cā̃d),
चंद्र (candra)















Further reading

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Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Etymology

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Compound of बृहस् (bṛhas, genitive singular of बृह् (bṛh, prayer; devotion)) +‎ पति (páti, lord, master). The origin of the first element is uncertain, but it probably stems from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰŕ̥źʰ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰŕ̥ȷ́ʰ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, elevate), with original meaning "to increase, enlarge, grow"; similar to ब्रह्मन् (brahman), it went through a semantic shift from "to increase" > "to encompass" > "the encompassing one" > "the divine" > "praying, devotion (to the divine)".

Pronunciation

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Proper noun

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बृहस्पति (bṛ́haspáti) stemm

  1. (Vedic religion, Hinduism) Bṛhaspati (name of a deity)
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 9.5.11:
      विश्वे॑ देवाः॒ स्वाहा॑कृतिं॒ पव॑मान॒स्या ग॑त।
      वा॒युर्बृह॒स्पतिः॒ सूर्यो॒ऽग्निरिन्द्रः॑ स॒जोष॑सः॥
      víśve devāḥ svā́hākṛtiṃ pávamānasyā́ gata.
      vāyúrbṛ́haspátiḥ sū́ryoʼgníríndraḥ sajóṣasaḥ.
      O all ye gods, come together to the consecration of the Soma-- Vāyu, Bṛhaspati, Sūrya, Agni and Indra.
    • c. 700 CE – 900 CE, Bhāgavata Purāṇa 4.1.35:
      तत्पुत्रावपरावास्तां ख्यातौ स्वारोचिषेऽन्तरे । उतथ्यो भगवान्साक्षाद् ब्रह्मिष्ठश्च बृहस्पतिः
      tatputrāvaparāvāstāṃ khyātau svārociṣeʼntare. utathyo bhagavānsākṣād brahmiṣṭhaśca bṛhaspatiḥ.
      Besides these four daughters, she also had another two sons who were famous in the second Manvantara. One of them was divine Utathya, and the other was the learned Bṛhaspati.
  2. Jupiter (planet)

Declension

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Masculine i-stem declension of बृहस्पति (bṛ́haspáti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative बृहस्पतिः
bṛ́haspátiḥ
बृहस्पती
bṛ́haspátī
बृहस्पतयः
bṛ́haspátayaḥ
Vocative बृहस्पते
bṛ́haspate
बृहस्पती
bṛ́haspatī
बृहस्पतयः
bṛ́haspatayaḥ
Accusative बृहस्पतिम्
bṛ́haspátim
बृहस्पती
bṛ́haspátī
बृहस्पतीन्
bṛ́haspátīn
Instrumental बृहस्पतिना / बृहस्पत्या¹
bṛ́haspátinā / bṛ́haspátyā¹
बृहस्पतिभ्याम्
bṛ́haspátibhyām
बृहस्पतिभिः
bṛ́haspátibhiḥ
Dative बृहस्पतये
bṛ́haspátaye
बृहस्पतिभ्याम्
bṛ́haspátibhyām
बृहस्पतिभ्यः
bṛ́haspátibhyaḥ
Ablative बृहस्पतेः / बृहस्पत्यः¹
bṛ́haspáteḥ / bṛ́haspátyaḥ¹
बृहस्पतिभ्याम्
bṛ́haspátibhyām
बृहस्पतिभ्यः
bṛ́haspátibhyaḥ
Genitive बृहस्पतेः / बृहस्पत्यः¹
bṛ́haspáteḥ / bṛ́haspátyaḥ¹
बृहस्पत्योः
bṛ́haspátyoḥ
बृहस्पतीनाम्
bṛ́haspátīnām
Locative बृहस्पतौ / बृहस्पता¹
bṛ́haspátau / bṛ́haspátā¹
बृहस्पत्योः
bṛ́haspátyoḥ
बृहस्पतिषु
bṛ́haspátiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms

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Descendants

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See also

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Solar System in Sanskrit · सूर्य-मण्डल (sūrya-maṇḍala) (layout · text)
Star सूर्य (sūrya), रवि (ravi), आदित्य (āditya), Thesaurus:सूर्य
IAU planets and
notable dwarf planets
बुध (budha) शुक्र (śukra),
भार्गव (bhārgava),
भृगु (bhṛgu)
भूमि (bhūmi),
पृथ्वी (pṛthvī),
Thesaurus:भू
मङ्गल (maṅgala),
अङ्गार (aṅgāra),
Thesaurus:मङ्गल
बृहस्पति (bṛhaspati),
गौर (gaura)
शनि (śani) अरुण (aruṇa) वरुण (varuṇa) यम (yama)
Notable
moons
चन्द्र (candra),
इन्दु (indu),
Thesaurus:चन्द्र
प्रथम मङ्गलस्य
द्वितीय मङ्गलस्य














See also

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Further reading

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  • Apte, Vaman Shivram (1890) “बृहस्पतिः”, in The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary, Poona: Prasad Prakashan, page 1172
  • Monier Williams (1899) “Bṛíhas-páti”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 737/1.
  • Arthur Anthony Macdonell (1893) “बृहस्पति”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, page 198
  • Hellwig, Oliver (2010-2024) “bṛhaspati”, in DCS - The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit, Berlin, Germany.
  • बृ॑हस्प॑ति” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 366.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 232-233
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1963) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 447-448