Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Probably of substrate origin; compare Tamil மண்டி (maṇṭi, dregs). Indo-European etymologies have been proposed, but are difficult to verify; compare Sanskrit मृज् (mṛj, to wipe, purify) and Lithuanian blandùs (foggy; thick).

Noun edit

मण्ड (maṇḍá) stemm

  1. scum of boiled rice
  2. the thick part of milk, cream
  3. the spirituous part of wine etc.; foam or froth; pith, essence; the "head"
  4. a frog
  5. ornament, decoration
  6. a measure of weight (=5 Māṣas)
Declension edit
Masculine a-stem declension of मण्ड (maṇḍá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मण्डः
maṇḍáḥ
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
maṇḍaú / maṇḍā́¹
मण्डाः / मण्डासः¹
maṇḍā́ḥ / maṇḍā́saḥ¹
Vocative मण्ड
máṇḍa
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
máṇḍau / máṇḍā¹
मण्डाः / मण्डासः¹
máṇḍāḥ / máṇḍāsaḥ¹
Accusative मण्डम्
maṇḍám
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
maṇḍaú / maṇḍā́¹
मण्डान्
maṇḍā́n
Instrumental मण्डेन
maṇḍéna
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍā́bhyām
मण्डैः / मण्डेभिः¹
maṇḍaíḥ / maṇḍébhiḥ¹
Dative मण्डाय
maṇḍā́ya
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍā́bhyām
मण्डेभ्यः
maṇḍébhyaḥ
Ablative मण्डात्
maṇḍā́t
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍā́bhyām
मण्डेभ्यः
maṇḍébhyaḥ
Genitive मण्डस्य
maṇḍásya
मण्डयोः
maṇḍáyoḥ
मण्डानाम्
maṇḍā́nām
Locative मण्डे
maṇḍé
मण्डयोः
maṇḍáyoḥ
मण्डेषु
maṇḍéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Dravidian; compare Tamil ஆமண்டம் (āmaṇṭam, castor-oil plant). Related to आमण्ड (āmaṇḍa, castor-oil plant).

Noun edit

मण्ड (maṇḍa) stemm

  1. the castor oil plant, Ricinus communis (a species of potherb)
Declension edit
Masculine a-stem declension of मण्ड (maṇḍa)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मण्डः
maṇḍaḥ
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
maṇḍau / maṇḍā¹
मण्डाः / मण्डासः¹
maṇḍāḥ / maṇḍāsaḥ¹
Vocative मण्ड
maṇḍa
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
maṇḍau / maṇḍā¹
मण्डाः / मण्डासः¹
maṇḍāḥ / maṇḍāsaḥ¹
Accusative मण्डम्
maṇḍam
मण्डौ / मण्डा¹
maṇḍau / maṇḍā¹
मण्डान्
maṇḍān
Instrumental मण्डेन
maṇḍena
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍābhyām
मण्डैः / मण्डेभिः¹
maṇḍaiḥ / maṇḍebhiḥ¹
Dative मण्डाय
maṇḍāya
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍābhyām
मण्डेभ्यः
maṇḍebhyaḥ
Ablative मण्डात्
maṇḍāt
मण्डाभ्याम्
maṇḍābhyām
मण्डेभ्यः
maṇḍebhyaḥ
Genitive मण्डस्य
maṇḍasya
मण्डयोः
maṇḍayoḥ
मण्डानाम्
maṇḍānām
Locative मण्डे
maṇḍe
मण्डयोः
maṇḍayoḥ
मण्डेषु
maṇḍeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899) “मण्ड”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 775/2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 294
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume 3, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 382-3
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1963) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 559-61
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “manda”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press