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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀚𑁆𑀛𑁂 (majjhe), from Sanskrit मध्ये (mádhye), locative of मध्य (mádhya, middle), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mádʰyas, from Proto-Indo-European *médʰyos.

The spontaneous nasalization is a common phenomenon in New Indo-Aryan. Compare Hindi साँप (sā̃p, snake) from Sanskrit सर्प (sarpa).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mẽ/
  • (file)

PostpositionEdit

में (mẽ) (Urdu spelling میں‎)

  1. in, inside of
    घर मेंghar mẽinside the house
    कमरे मेंkamre mẽin the room
    Synonym: के अंदर (ke andar)
  2. within
    मेरे सिर में दर्द हो रहा है।
    mere sir mẽ dard ho rahā hai.
    My head is hurting.
    (literally, “There is pain within my head.”)
    Synonym: के अंदर (ke andar)
  3. into
    वह पानी में गिर पड़ा।vah pānī mẽ gir paṛā.He fell into the water.
    गिलास मेंgilās mẽinto the glass
  4. during
    छूट्टियों में मैं लंदन जा रहा हूँ।
    chūṭṭiyõ mẽ ma͠i landan jā rahā hū̃.
    I'm going to London during the holidays.
    रात मेंrāt mẽin the night
    वर्ष १९९४ मेंvarṣ 1994 mẽduring the year 1994
    Synonym: के दौरान (ke daurān)
  5. for the price of
    सौ रुपये मेंsau rupye mẽfor the price of 100 rupees
  6. between, among
    सारे लोग में केक बाँट दिया।
    sāre log mẽ kek bā̃ṭ diyā.
    The cake was divided among all the people.
    इन तीन क़मीज़ों में कौनसी अच्छी है?
    in tīn qamīzõ mẽ kaunsī acchī hai?
    Between these three shirts which one is best?

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reinöhl, Uta (2016), “The diverse origins of the Hindi simple postpositions”, in Grammaticalization and the Rise of Configurationality in Indo-Aryan, →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “में”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “में”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “में”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.