मैं

See also: and में

DogriEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Khasa Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë)), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

PronounEdit

मैं (ma͠i)

  1. I

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Hindi मैं (maiṃ), from Sauraseni Apabhramsa मइं (maĩ), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.[1][2][3]

Cognate to Punjabi ਮੈਂ (maĩ), Nepali (ma), Assamese মই (moi), Oriya ମୁଁ (mum̐) , Sylheti ꠝꠥꠁ (mui), Kamta মুই (mui), Marathi मी (), all deriving from oblique forms of the first-person personal pronoun.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /mɛ̃ː/
  • (dialectal) IPA(key): /məɪ/, [məɪ̯]
  • (file)

PronounEdit

मैं (ma͠im or f (Urdu spelling میں‎)

  1. I (the first person personal singular pronoun)
    मैं एक आदमी हूँ
    ma͠i ek ādmī hū̃.
    I am a man.

InflectionEdit

Declension of मैं
direct मैं (ma͠i)
indirect मुझ (mujh)
ergative मैंने (mainne)
genitive मेरा (merā)
dative मुझे (mujhe) , मुझको (mujhko)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vit Bubenik; Chitra Paranjape (April 1996) , “Development of Pronominal Systems from Apabhraṃśa to New Indo-Aryan”, in Indo-Iranian Journal[1], volume 39, issue 2, Brill, pages 111-132
  2. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) , “ma (9691)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  3. ^ Richard Pischel (1900) Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen [Comparative Grammar Of The Prakrit Languages]‎[2], Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidass, published 1957

Further readingEdit

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “मैं”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884) , “मैं”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970) , “मैं”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House

KumaoniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Khasa Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë)), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

PronounEdit

मैं (ma͠i)

  1. I

Old HindiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Sauraseni Apabhramsa मइं (maĩ), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀫𑀏 (maë), from Sanskrit मया (mayā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máyaH (the instrumental singular of *aȷ́ʰám (I)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁móy.

PronounEdit

मैं (maiṃ)

  1. I
    • c. 1500, Kabir, Assorted Poetry, pad 76, line 3:
      जग मैं देषूँ जग न देषि मोहि
      jaga maiṃ deṣūm̐ jaga na deṣi mohi
      I see the world, [but] the world does not see me.

DescendantsEdit

  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: मैं (ma͠i)
    Urdu: میں(ma͠i)