वृक्ष

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit वृक्ष (vṛkṣa).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʋɾɪkʂ/, [ʋɾɪkʃ]

NounEdit

वृक्ष (vŕkṣm

  1. tree
    Synonyms: दरख़्त (daraxt), पादप (pādap), पेड़ (peṛ)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


MarathiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit वृक्ष (vṛkṣa). Compare Gujarati વૃક્ષ (vṛkṣ), Kannada ವೃಕ್ಷ (vṛkṣa), Bengali বৃক্ষ (brikkh).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वृक्ष (vrukṣam

  1. tree
    Synonym: झाड (jhāḍ)

ReferencesEdit

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “वृक्ष”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “वृक्ष”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Date, Yasavanta Ramakrshna (1932-1950), “वृक्ष”, in Maharashtra Sabdakosa (in Marathi), Pune: Maharashtra Kosamandala.

SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wr̥ćšás (tree). Cognate with Avestan 𐬬𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬀(varəša).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

वृक्ष (vṛkṣám

  1. a tree, (especially) any tree bearing visible flowers and fruit, but also applied to any tree and other plants, often in the sense of wood
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.24.3:
      अक्षो न चक्र्योः शूर बृहन्प्र ते मह्ना रिरिचे रोदस्योः ।
      वृक्षस्य नु ते पुरुहूत वया व्यूतयो रुरुहुरिन्द्र पूर्वीः ॥
      akṣo na cakryoḥ śūra bṛhanpra te mahnā ririce rodasyoḥ .
      vṛkṣasya nu te puruhūta vayā vyūtayo ruruhurindra pūrvīḥ .
      The lofty axle of thy wheels, O Hero, is not surpassed by heaven and earth in greatness.
      Like branches of a tree, O thou Invoked by many, manifold assistance spring forth from thee, O Indra.
  2. tree trunk
  3. coffin
  4. the staff of a bow
  5. Wrightia antidysenterica

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of वृक्ष (vṛkṣá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative वृक्षः
vṛkṣáḥ
वृक्षौ
vṛkṣaú
वृक्षाः / वृक्षासः¹
vṛkṣā́ḥ / vṛkṣā́saḥ¹
Vocative वृक्ष
vṛ́kṣa
वृक्षौ
vṛ́kṣau
वृक्षाः / वृक्षासः¹
vṛ́kṣāḥ / vṛ́kṣāsaḥ¹
Accusative वृक्षम्
vṛkṣám
वृक्षौ
vṛkṣaú
वृक्षान्
vṛkṣā́n
Instrumental वृक्षेण
vṛkṣéṇa
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षैः / वृक्षेभिः¹
vṛkṣaíḥ / vṛkṣébhiḥ¹
Dative वृक्षाय
vṛkṣā́ya
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षेभ्यः
vṛkṣébhyaḥ
Ablative वृक्षात्
vṛkṣā́t
वृक्षाभ्याम्
vṛkṣā́bhyām
वृक्षेभ्यः
vṛkṣébhyaḥ
Genitive वृक्षस्य
vṛkṣásya
वृक्षयोः
vṛkṣáyoḥ
वृक्षाणाम्
vṛkṣā́ṇām
Locative वृक्षे
vṛkṣé
वृक्षयोः
vṛkṣáyoḥ
वृक्षेषु
vṛkṣéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

Borrowed termsEdit