From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰánti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (“to strike; slay, kill”). Cognates include Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, “I strike, wound”), Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌 (jainti), Old Armenian գան (gan) and ջնեմ (ǰnem), Latin offendō, Old Church Slavonic гънати (gŭnati), Old English bana (English bane) and gūþ (“battle”).
हन्ति • (hánti) (root हन्, class 2 P)
- to strike, beat (also a drum), pound, hammer (+ accusative) etc.; upon (+ locative)
- to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy
- to put to death, cause to be executed
- to ward off, avert
- to hurt, wound