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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰánti, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ǰʰánti, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰénti (to strike; slay, kill). Cognates include Ancient Greek θείνω (theínō, I strike, wound), Avestan 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌(jainti), Old Armenian գան (gan) and ջնեմ (ǰnem), Latin offendō, Old Church Slavonic гънати (gŭnati), Old English bana (English bane) and gūþ (battle).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

हन्ति (hánti) (root हन्, class 2 P)

  1. to strike, beat (also a drum), pound, hammer (+ accusative) etc.; upon (+ locative)
  2. to smite, slay, hit, kill, mar, destroy
  3. to put to death, cause to be executed
  4. to ward off, avert
  5. to hurt, wound

ConjugationEdit

Present conjugation of हन्ति
present tense (gaṇa #2 / parasmaipada)
Active voice conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person हन्मि (hanmi) हन्वः (hanvaḥ) हन्मः (hanmaḥ)
2nd person हंसि (haṃsi) हथः (hathaḥ) हथ (hatha)
3rd person हन्ति (hanti) हन्तः (hantaḥ) घ्नति (ghnati)
Middle voice conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person {{{12}}} {{{13}}} {{{14}}}
2nd person {{{15}}} {{{16}}} {{{17}}}
3rd person {{{18}}} {{{19}}} {{{20}}}
Passive voice conjugation of हन्ति
person singular dual plural
1st person {{{21}}} {{{22}}} {{{23}}}
2nd person {{{24}}} {{{25}}} {{{26}}}
3rd person {{{27}}} {{{28}}} {{{29}}}

ReferencesEdit