ขึ้น

See also: ขน, ขุน, and ข้น

ThaiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *χɯnꟲ (to ascend). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨡᩧ᩠᩶ᨶ, Lao ຂຶ້ນ (khưn), ᦃᦹᧃᧉ (ẋuen2), Tai Dam ꪄꪳ꫁ꪙ, Shan ၶိုၼ်ႈ (khūen), Ahom 𑜁𑜢𑜤𑜃𑜫 (khün), Zhuang hwnj, Zuojiang Zhuang kwnj.

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic/Phonemicขึ้น
kʰ ụ ˆ n
RomanizationPaiboonkʉ̂n
Royal Institutekhuen
(standard) IPA(key)/kʰɯn˥˩/(R)

AdverbEdit

ขึ้น (kʉ̂n)

  1. up; upwards.
  2. frontally; frontwards.
  3. northerly; northwards.
  4. easterly; eastwards.
  5. in or to a greater extent or degree.

AdjectiveEdit

ขึ้น (kʉ̂n)

  1. (of a moon) waxing.

NounEdit

ขึ้น (kʉ̂n)

  1. waxing moon
  2. (lunar calendar) day of the waxing moon, as opposed to แรม (rɛɛm, day of the waning moon).

SynonymsEdit

waxing moon; day of the waxing moon

VerbEdit

ขึ้น (kʉ̂n) (abstract noun การขึ้น)

  1. (of a moon) to wax.
  2. to move or go up, upwards, frontwards, northwards, or eastwards.
  3. to come above the horizon, as a heavenly body.
  4. to rise to a higher point, rank, degree, level, order, etc.
  5. to make or become greater, as in number, size, strength, quality, quantity, volume, etc.
  6. to become acute, strong, or vehement, as sensations, feelings, or emotions.
  7. to commence; to start.
  8. to make a record of; to record or register.
  9. to be under or subject to the authority, direction, supervision, or influence of another person, entity, etc.
  10. to insert an arrow, shot, etc, into a bow, crossbow, or the like.
  11. to assume or cause to assume a form, as a bronze figure, plaster figure, piece of wickerwork, etc.
  12. to obtain cash for a check, money order, lottery, etc.
  13. to place or keep in a treasury, depository, warehouse, etc.