ศักดินา

ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ศักดิ (sàk-dì-, rank; dignity; status) +‎ นา (naa, rice field).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicศักดินา
ɕ ạ k ɗ i n ā
Phonemic
สัก-ดิ-นา
s ạ k – ɗ i – n ā
RomanizationPaiboonsàk-dì-naa
Royal Institutesak-di-na
(standard) IPA(key)/sak̚˨˩.di˨˩.naː˧/(R)

NounEdit

ศักดินา (sàk-dì-naa)

  1. (historical) (classifier ไร่) rice fields assigned to social classes as marks of their status, rights, privileges, responsibilities, etc; for example, the noblemen holding the rank of สมเด็จเจ้าพระยา (sǒm-dèt-jâao-prá-yaa) were entitled to 30,000 fields each, the noblemen holding the rank of เจ้าพระยา (jâao-prá-yaa) were entitled to 10,000 fields each, common citizens were entitled to 20 fields each, slaves were entitled to 5 fields each, etc.
  2. (figuratively, sometimes sarcastic) social class; class of persons.
  3. (figuratively, sometimes sarcastic) rank, dignity, distinction; person of rank, dignity, or distinction; ruling class, aristocracy, elite, nobility; member of a ruling class, aristocrat, member of the elite, noble person.
  4. (loosely or by extension) feudalism; feudal system; feudal period.
  5. (loosely or by extension) fief; fiefdom.

DescendantsEdit