หลวง

ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *ʰluəŋᴬ (big); s

Cognate with Northern Thai ᩉᩖ᩠ᩅᨦ, Lao ຫຼວງ (lūang), ᦷᦜᧂ (l̇ong), Shan လူင် (lǔung), Ahom 𑜎𑜤𑜂𑜫 (luṅ), Zhuang lueng, Nong Zhuang long. Compare Proto-Hlai *C-luŋ (big).

Also cognate with Modern Khmer ហ្លួង (luəng).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicหลวง
h l w ŋ
Phonemic
หฺลวง
h ̥ l w ŋ
RomanizationPaiboonlǔuang
Royal Instituteluang
(standard) IPA(key)/lua̯ŋ˩˩˦/(R)

AdjectiveEdit

หลวง (lǔuang)

  1. chief; leading; major; principal.
  2. great; large.
  3. heavy; weighty; ponderous.
  4. important; significant.
  5. severe; serious; crucial.
  6. governmental; state; public.
  7. royal; imperial.

NounEdit

หลวง (lǔuang)

  1. (historical) the Thai noble rank above ขุน (kǔn) and below พระ (prá); holder of this rank.
  2. (colloquial, now often in combination) a term of address to or honorific for a priest or religious image.
  3. (colloquial) Clipping of เมียหลวง (miia-lǔuang).

Derived termsEdit

Derived terms

DescendantsEdit

  • Khmer: ហ្លួង (luəng)

See alsoEdit