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ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tai *ʰluəŋᴬ (big). Cognate with Northern Thai ᩉᩖ᩠ᩅᨦ, Lao ຫຼວງ (lūang), ᦷᦜᧂ (l̇ong), Shan လူင် (lǔung), Ahom 𑜎𑜤𑜂𑜫 (lung). Compare Khmer ហ្លួង (luəng).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicหลวง
h l w ŋ
Phonemicหฺลวง
h ̥ l w ŋ
RomanizationPaiboonlǔuang
Royal Instituteluang
(standard) IPA(key)/lua̯ŋ˩˩˦/

AdjectiveEdit

หลวง (lǔuang)

  1. chief; leading; major; principal.
  2. great; large.
  3. heavy; weighty; ponderous.
  4. important; significant.
  5. severe; serious; crucial.
  6. governmental; state; public.
  7. royal; imperial.

NounEdit

หลวง (lǔuang)

  1. (historical)
    1. the Thai noble rank above ขุน (kǔn) and below พระ (prá).
    2. person holding such rank.
  2. (colloquial) a term of address to or honorific for a priest or religious image.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit