Thai Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Tai *mɯəŋᴬ (township). Cognate with Lao ເມືອງ (mư̄ang), Northern Thai ᨾᩮᩬᩥᨦ, Khün ᨾᩮᩨ᩠ᨦ, ᦵᦙᦲᧂ (moeng), Tai Dam ꪹꪣꪉ, Shan မိူင်း (móeng), Tai Nüa ᥛᥫᥒᥰ (möeng), Ahom 𑜉𑜢𑜤𑜂𑜫 (müṅ), Tày mường. Compare loanwords in neighbouring languages: Khmer មឿង (mɨəng), Northern Khmer มฺืง, Vietnamese Mường, Chinese (měng).

Pronunciation Edit

e m ụ̄ ɒ ŋ
Royal Institutemueang
(standard) IPA(key)/mɯa̯ŋ˧/(R)

Noun Edit

เมือง (mʉʉang) (classifier เมือง or แห่ง)

  1. (archaic) city-state.
  2. (archaic) fortified polity.
  3. any polity, as district, town, city, state, nation, etc.
  4. region, sphere, or domain within which someone or something occurs, prevails, or dominates.
  5. urban area.
  6. civilised polity; modernised polity.

Synonyms Edit

Derived terms Edit

Proper noun Edit

เมือง (mʉʉang)

  1. (informal, formerly derogatory) Northern Thailand.

Usage notes Edit

  • First attested in a report dated 2427 BE (1884/85 CE) submitted to the Siamese government by Prince Bijitprijakara following the annexation of Lan Na, which now forms Northern Thailand.
  • Originally used by the Siamese officials to refer derogatorily to the annexed Lan Na and its local people.

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

References Edit

  • เนื้ออ่อน ขรัวทองเขียว. (2016). เปิดแผนยึดล้านนา. Bangkok: มติชน. →ISBN. page 151.