Thai Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Tai *leːwꟲ (to be finished), from Middle Chinese (MC lewX). Cognate with Lao ແລ້ວ (lǣu); (l̇aew), Northern Thai ᩓ᩠ᩅ. Compare also Iu Mien liuz (to finish, to end; then; after).

Pronunciation Edit

æ l ˆ w
Royal Institutelaeo
(standard) IPA(key)/lɛːw˦˥/(R)

Verb Edit

แล้ว (lɛ́ɛo)

  1. to end; to come to an end.
  2. to complete; to finish.

Adjective Edit

แล้ว (lɛ́ɛo)

  1. (archaic) complete (with); full (of).

Adverb Edit

แล้ว (lɛ́ɛo)

  1. Used at the end of a sentence to indicate completion of an action, or beginning of a new situation.
    1. Indicating an action completion.
      เด็ก กินข้าวแล้ว
      dèk dèk gin-kâao lɛ́ɛo
      The children have already eaten.
    2. Indicating that a new state or a new situation has begun.
      təə bpen pûu-yài lɛ́ɛo
      You are an adult now.
    3. (Especially with จะ) Indicating that a new situation is about to begin.
      jà glàp bâan lɛ́ɛo
      [I'm] about to go home now.
  2. then; next; and.
    kǎo àan kɔ̂ɔ-kwaam lɛ́ɛo hǔua-rɔ́
    He read the message, then laughed.

Usage notes Edit

Further reading Edit

  • Jenny, Mathias (2001), “The aspect system of Thai”, in Ebert, Karen H.; Zúñiga, Fernando, editors, Aktionsart and aspectotemporality in non-European languages, Zürich: ASAS-Verlag, pages 97-140