ἐσχάρα

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Beekes points out the absence of cognates in other Indo-European languages and considers the word to be of Pre-Greek origin.

According to Gamkrelidze / Ivanov, a Kartvelian borrowing. Compare Proto-Kartvelian *c₁x- (burn, give off heat), whence Georgian სიცხე (sicxe), ცეცხლი (cecxli) (< *ʒec₁xl-), Mingrelian ჩხე (čxe), Laz ჩხე (čxe) and Svan root შხ- (šx-, burn, set fire). The initial ἐ- (e-) of the Greek form is a prothetic vowel.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ἐσχάρᾱ (eskhárāf (genitive ἐσχάρᾱς); first declension

  1. hearth
  2. house
  3. sacrificing hearth
  4. (figuratively) platform, stand

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: eschare
  • Latin: eschara

Further readingEdit

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 472
  • Gamkrelidze, Th. V.; Ivanov, V. V. (1995) Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 80), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 800