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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Hellenic *élaiwon, identical to the modern Cypriot form. Compare ἐλαία (elaía, olive).

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ἔλαιον (élaionn (genitive ἐλαίου); second declension

  1. olive oil, commonly used as an anointing oil
    • Homer, Iliad 10.577:
      τὼ δὲ λοεσσαμένω καὶ ἀλειψαμένω λίπ᾽ ἐλαίῳ / δείπνῳ ἐφιζανέτην, []
      tṑ dè loessaménō kaì aleipsaménō líp᾽ elaíōi / deípnōi ephizanétēn, []
      • 1924 translation by A. T. Murray
        But when the twain had bathed and anointed them richly with oil, they sate them down at supper, []
  2. any oily substance
  3. (at Athens) the oil market

InflectionEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit