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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵ- (to say). Cognate with ἄνωγα (ánōga), Latin aiō, Old Armenian ասեմ (asem).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

ἠμί (ēmí)

  1. I say
    • 423 BCE, Aristophanes, The Clouds 1145:
      παῖ ἠμί, παῖ
      paî ēmí, paî
      boy, I say, boy!
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 1.219:
      καὶ ἐπ᾽ ἀργυρέῃ κώπῃ σχέθε χεῖρα βαρεῖαν,
      ê kaì ep᾽ arguréēi kṓpēi skhéthe kheîra bareîan,
      He spoke, and stayed his heavy hand on the silver hilt,

InflectionEdit

ἠμί has only four forms.

  • First-person singular present indicative: ἠμί
  • Third-person singular present indicative: ἠσί (ēsí) (Aeolic ἦσῐ (êsi), Doric ἠτί (ētí))
  • First-person singular imperfect indicative: ἦν (ên)
  • Third-person singular imperfect indicative: (ê)

ReferencesEdit

  • ἠμί in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἠμί in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἠμί in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ἠμί in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ἠμί in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963