ὀπός

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *ὁπός (*hopós), which underwent Ionic psilosis. From Proto-Indo-European *sokʷos (juice, resin). Cognate with Russian сок (sok) and Latin sūcus.

NounEdit

ὀπός (opósm (genitive ὀποῦ); second declension

  1. juice, vegetable/plant juice
  2. (in particular) fig-juice (which can be used as rennet)
    • Iliad, 5.902–904:
      ὡς δ᾽ ὅτ᾽ ὀπὸς γάλα λευκὸν ἐπειγόμενος συνέπηξεν
      ὑγρὸν ἐόν, μάλα δ᾽ ὦκα περιτρέφεται κυκόωντι,
      ὣς ἄρα καρπαλίμως ἰήσατο θοῦρον Ἄρηα.
      Robert Fagles’ translation (1990):
      Quickly as fig-juice, pressed into bubbly, creamy milk,
      curdles it firm for the man who churns it round,
      so quickly he healed the violent rushing Ares.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ὀπός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ὀπός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ὀπός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • ὀπός in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ὀπός in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • ὀπός in Trapp, Erich, et al. (1994–2007) Lexikon zur byzantinischen Gräzität besonders des 9.-12. Jahrhunderts [the Lexicon of Byzantine Hellenism, Particularly the 9th–12th Centuries], Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • fig idem, page 318.
    • juice idem, page 465.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN