ὀρθόω

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

ὀρθός (orthós, straight) +‎ -όω (-óō, factitive verb suffix)

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

ὀρθόω (orthóō)

  1. (transitive) To set upright, raise up (something or someone that has fallen down)
    1. (transitive) To build or rebuild
    2. (passive) To stand up (get up from a sitting position)
  2. (transitive) To straighten
  3. (figuratively, transitive) To restore to health or happiness
  4. (transitive) To exalt, honor; to make famous
  5. (transitive) To correct
    • 458 BCE, Aeschylus, Agamemnon 1475:
      νῦν δ’ ὤρθωσας στόματος γνώμην
      nûn d’ ṓrthōsas stómatos gnṓmēn
      Now you have corrected the judgement of your mouth
  6. (transitive) To bring to a happy end; (passive) To succeed, prosper, flourish
    • 460 BCE – 395 BCE, Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War 4.18.4:
      διὰ τὸ μὴ τῷ ὀρθουμένῳ πιστεύοντες ἐπαίρεσθαι
      dià tò mḕ tôi orthouménōi pisteúontes epaíresthai
      because [they] are not overly excited by being confident in success

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit