See also: いつく and いつぐ

Japanese

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For pronunciation and definitions of いづく – see the following entry.
いずく
[pronoun] (archaic) indefinite interrogative pronoun: where, whence, whither, which
[pronoun] (archaic, after a particle) indefinite demonstrative pronoun: anywhere, everywhere, somewhere
Alternative spelling
何処
(This term, いづく (iduku), is a historical kana spelling of the above term.)
For a list of all kanji read as いづく, see Category:Japanese kanji read as いづく.)

Old Japanese

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Alternative spellings
何處
何所

Etymology

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Possibly derived from indefinite interrogative stem (idu-), with a suffix cognate with locative indicator (-ko2). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronoun

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いづく (iduku)

  1. indefinite interrogative pronoun: where, whence, whither, which
    • 711–712, Kojiki, (poem 42):
      許能迦邇伊豆久能迦邇毛毛豆多布都奴賀能迦邇余許佐良布伊豆久邇伊多流...
      ko2no2 kani ya iduku no2 kani mo1mo1dutapu Tunuga no2 kani yo2ko2-sarapu iduku ni itaru...
      This crab, where art here crab from? Crab sidestepping from hundred-relayed Tsunuga, whither doth it lead?
    • c. 759, Man’yōshū, book 5, [http://jti.lib.virginia.edu/japanese/manyoshu/Man5Yos.html#802 802 poem 802]:
      宇利波米婆胡藤母意母保由久利波米婆麻斯提斯農波由伊豆久欲利枳多利斯物能曾麻奈迦比爾母等奈可可利提夜周伊斯奈佐農
      uri pame2ba ko1do2mo omopoyu kuri pame2ba masite sino1payu iduku yo1ri ki1tarisi mono2 so2 manakapi1 ni moto2na kakarite yasui si nasanu
      When eating melons, I think of my children; chestnuts I reminsce more. From whence did they come to me? They remain before my eyes, and in peace can I sleep not.
  2. indefinite demonstrative pronoun: anywhere, everywhere, somewhere

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Japanese: いずく (izuku)
    いずこ (izuko)
    いどこ (idoko)
    どこ (doko)