See also: , か゚, and

U+304B, か
HIRAGANA LETTER KA

[U+304A]
Hiragana
[U+304C]

Japanese edit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1 edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation edit

Syllable edit

(ka

  1. The hiragana syllable (ka). Its equivalent in katakana is (ka). It is the sixth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō a-dan, row ka, section a).
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative spellings
(literary, obsolete)
(literary, obsolete)

From Proto-Japonic *ka.

Particle edit

(ka

  1. final interrogative particle, similar to a question mark ("?").
    (げん)()です
    O-genki desu ka.
    How are you?
    (literally, “Are you well?”)
    どうすればいいかわからない。
    Dō sureba ii ka wakaranai.
    I don't know what I should do.
  2. particle marking alternatives in a list; "or"
    これそれどっち(えら)んで
    Kore ka, sore ka, dotchika erande yo.
    This or that, choose one of them.
  3. whether (or not)
    ()()らない
    Iku ka shiranai.
    I don't know whether he'll go.
  4. indication of doubt
    ()(おも)いますが……
    Iku ka to omoimasu ga……
    I think he'll go (but I'm not sure)....
Usage notes edit
  • In Classical Japanese, attaches to the rentaikei:
    (だれ)(てん)()(つく)りし
    Dare ga tenchi o tsukurishi ka.
    Who made the heaven and the earth?
  • The Japanese full stop is traditionally used in place of a question mark after this particle.
Alternative forms edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

First cited to The Tale of Genji (c. 1001-1014).[1]

Prefix edit

(ka-

  1. (emphatic, before an adjective, non-productive) very
    + ‎弱い (yowai) → ‎か弱い (kayowai)
    + ‎細い (hosoi) → ‎か細い (kabosoi)

Etymology 4 edit

From Old Japanese. Only persists in stems. No longer productive in Modern Japanese.

Suffix edit

(-ka

  1. forms 形容動詞 (keiyō dōshi, -na adjectives) from stems, indicating the state or feeling of an object
Usage notes edit
  • May attach directly to a root.
    • (shizu-) + ‎ (-ka) → ‎静か (shizuka, quiet)
    • (oro-) + ‎ (-ka) → ‎愚か (oroka, foolish)
    • (koma-) + ‎ (-ka) → ‎細か (komaka, tiny; detailed)
  • May be followed in turn by -i adjective-forming suffix しい (-shii).
  • More rarely, may be followed by -i adjective-forming suffix (-i).
    • (koma-) + ‎ (-ka) + ‎ (-i) → ‎細かい (komakai, tiny; detailed)
    • (atata-) + ‎ (-ka) + ‎ (-i) → ‎暖かい (atatakai, warm)
  • Often follows -na adjective-forming suffixes (ya) or (ra); see also やか (-yaka) and らか (-raka)
    • (sawa-) + ‎ (-ya) + ‎ (-ka) → ‎爽やか (sawayaka, refreshing; clear; eloquent)
    • (aki-) + ‎ (-ra) + ‎ (-ka) → ‎明らか (akiraka, apparent; clear)

Etymology 5 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[counter] daytimes
[counter] number of days
4
[noun] a pleasant smell; a scent, a fragrance, an aroma
S
[noun] mosquito
鹿4
[noun] (archaic) deer
S
[pronoun] distal demonstrative, something far off removed from both speaker and listener: that, yon
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of the above terms.)
For a list of all kanji read as , see Category:Japanese kanji read as か.)

Etymology 6 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[affix] down; below; beneath
[suffix] under a situation
1
[noun] a fire
[noun] one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see   Wu Xing on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
[noun] (historical) under the old 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
[noun] Short for 火曜日 (kayōbi): Tuesday
[affix] fire
[affix] light
[affix] burning
[affix] passion
[affix] imminently
[affix] explosive
[proper noun] Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
1
[affix] flower
[affix] red-light district
2
[suffix] department, section
[suffix] (taxonomy) family
2
[proper noun] the Xia dynasty (first dynasty of China)
[proper noun] Short for 大夏 (Daika): Xia, one of the Sixteen Kingdoms
[proper noun] Short for 西夏 (Seika): Western Xia, an empire during the Song dynasty
[proper noun] a surname
[proper noun] a male or female given name
2
[suffix] an expert, professional, performer
2
[affix] a song; to sing
[affix] Japanese poetry; waka
3
[affix] to change; to take the form of
[affix] to influence
[suffix] -ization, -ification; action of making something that way
3
[counter] loads that can be carried on one's shoulders
4
[noun] addition
[affix] addition
[affix] Short for カナダ (Canada (a country)).
[affix] (US) Short for 加州 (California (a state of the United States)).
4
[counter] pieces of fruit
[noun] fruit
[noun] (Buddhism) phala, attained state, result
[noun] (Buddhism) enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice)
4
[affix] currency
[affix] goods
[affix] treasure
4
[counter] lessons
[counter] chapters of a book
[noun] lesson
[suffix] section, department
[suffix] lesson
5
[noun] passable
[noun] allowed
[suffix] permitted, allowed, licensed
[suffix] -able; can be done
5
[prefix] temporary
[prefix] unreal, fake, imaginary
5
[affix] price
[affix] value
5
[affix] river
5
[noun] fault; error; mistake
[noun] the past
[noun] excess
[prefix] (chemistry) super-, over-; per
S
[affix] beautiful, good
[affix] excellent
S
[noun] a rack; a mount; a stand
[counter] flat framed items
S
[noun] flashiness, showiness
[proper noun] a surname
[proper noun] a male or female given name
S
[counter] fruit
S
[affix] eddy, swirl, whirlpool, vortex
S
[noun] minority
S
[counter] used with numbers in the ichi-ni-san counting system
H
[affix] blemish, flaw
[noun] a flaw
H
[counter] indicates small round things, such as gemstones, fruit, stones, tears
[noun] a condyle
H
[counter] : Counter for months, places or provisions of Classical Chinese origin.
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of the above terms.)
For a list of all kanji read as , see Category:Japanese kanji read as か.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .)

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000