JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

ParticleEdit

なら (nara

  1. A conditional particle appended to the plain form of a verb.
    (あつ)なら、エアコンをつけて。
    Atsui nara, eakon o tsukete.
    If you’re hot, turn on the air conditioner.
    (きみ)()なら(ぼく)()こう。
    Kimi ga iku nara boku mo ikō.
    If you go, I'll go too.
    適度(てきど)緊張(きんちょう)ならいいが、過度(かど)緊張(きんちょう)(のう)大敵(たいてき)だ。
    Tekido na kinchō nara ī ga, kado no kinchō wa nō no taiteki da.
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. A topic marker.
    (はな)なら(さくら)だ。
    Hana nara sakura da.
    As for flowers, the best is the cherry blossom.
    風景(ふうけい)ならスイスに(およ)(くに)はない。
    fūkei nara Suisu ni oyobu kuni wa nai.
    As for landscape, there isn't a country comparable to Switzerland.
Usage notesEdit
  • For 1., なら (nara) implies that the verb before なら (nara) succeeds the verb after なら (nara) in time. This is the opposite of the conditional particle たら (tara), which implies that the first verb will precede the second verb. Contrast:
    友達(ともだち)()なら(わたし)はピザを(ちゅう)(もん)する。
    Tomodachi ga kuru nara, watashi wa piza o chūmon suru.
    If our friends come, I will order pizza [first].
    友達(ともだち)()たら(わたし)はピザを(ちゅう)(もん)する。
    Tomodachi ga kitara, watashi wa piza o chūmon suru.
    If our friends come, I will order pizza [afterward].
    • Notice that a verb in the past tense is needed to use たら (tara). The ~た (~ta) from the past tense is replaced by たら (tara).
  • Another well-known contrast between the two conditionals is the popular public service announcement:
    ()んだら()るな。()なら()むな。
    Nondara noru na. Noru nara nomu na.
    If you drink, don’t drive. If you [are going to] drive, don’t drink.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of なら – see the following entry.
奈良
[proper noun] a placename, especially:
[proper noun] Short for 奈良県 (Nara-ken): Nara Prefecture
[proper noun] Short for 奈良市 (Nara-shi): the capital city of Nara in northern Nara Prefecture
[proper noun] a surname
Alternative spellings
寧楽, 平城
(This term, なら, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of なら – see the following entry.
J
[noun] oak
Alternative spelling
ナラ
(This term, なら, is an alternative spelling of the above term.
For a list of all kanji read as なら, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as なら.)