ラ行変格活用

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: 2
へん
Grade: 4
かく
Grade: 5
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2
goon kan’on
 
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EtymologyEdit

Compound of ラ行 (ra-gyō, ra-row) +‎ 変格活用 (henkaku katsuyō, irregular conjugation).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) んかくかつよー [hèńkákú káꜜtsùyòò] (Nakadaka – [5])[1]
  • (Tokyo) んかくかつよー [hèńkákú kátsúyóóꜜ] (Odaka – [8])[1]
  • IPA(key): [hẽ̞ŋka̠kɯ̟ᵝ ka̠t͡sɨᵝjo̞ː]

NounEdit

行変格活用(ぎょうへんかくかつよう) (ra-gyō henkaku katsuyō (kyūjitai ラ行變格活用, historical kana らぎやうへんかくくわつよう)

  1. (Classical Japanese grammar) a verbal conjugation class in which the verb stem ends in r- with four irregular bases: -a, -i, -u, and -e
    Synonyms: ラ行変格 (ra-gyō henkaku), ラ変 (ra-hen)
Archaic 未然形
Irrealis
連用形
Adverbial
終止形
Conclusive
連体形
Attributive
已然形
Realis
命令形
Imperative
あり (ar-, to be) あら (ara) あり (ari) あり (ari) ある (aru) あれ (are) あれ (are)
侍り (haber-, to serve) 侍ら (habera) 侍り (haberi) 侍り (haberi) 侍る (haberu) 侍れ (habere) 侍れ (habere)
居り (wor-, to be) 居ら (wora → ora) 居り (wori → ori) 居り (woru → ori) 居る (woru → oru) 居れ (wore → ore) 居れ (wore → ore)

Usage notesEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN