Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) - a flag.

Han characterEdit

(radical 70 +2, 6 strokes, composition)

  1. flags flying, long bands or ribbons attached to flags, streamers, etc.
  2. (ancient form of ) to cease, to desist from

ReferencesEdit

Derived termsEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (65)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɨɐnX/ /ʔiɐnX/ /ʔiɐnX/ /ʔɨanX/ /ʔiɐnX/ /ĭɐnX/ /ʔɨ̯ɐnX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (79)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣiᴇnX/ /ʔɯiɛnX/ /ʔiænX/ /ʔianX/ /ʔjɛnX/ /ĭɛnX/ /ʔi̯ɛnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǎn ‹ ʔjonX › /*qarʔ/ fluttering streamer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

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