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ChineseEdit

 
one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(一人)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

一人

  1. a person; one person; someone

AdverbEdit

一人

  1. by one person; alone

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (一人):
  • Japanese: 一人 (いちにん) (ichinin)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Derived from (hito, 1, one) +‎ (-ri, counter for persons). Compare the development of hidari (see below).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

一人 (hiragana ひとり, rōmaji hitori)

  1. one person
    一人 (ひとり) ()らす
    hitori de kurasu
    to live by oneself (without companions)
    一人 (ひとり)カラオケヒトカラ
    hitori karaoke/hitokara
    one-man karaoke session
    一人 (ひとり) () (かん) () (ひと)
    hitori no jikan ga suki na hito
    person who likes their alone time
  2. singleness, singularity
    Synonym: 単独 (tandoku)
  3. one's own efforts or strengths
    Synonyms: 自力 (jiriki), 独力 (dokuryoku)
  4. a single, singlehood
    Synonym: 独身 (dokushin)
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
ProverbsEdit
See alsoEdit

AdverbEdit

一人 (hiragana ひとり, rōmaji hitori)

  1. solely
    Synonym: 単独 (tandoku de)
  2. only, simply
    Synonyms: ただ (tada), ただ単に (tada tan ni), 単に (tan ni)
  3. alone, automatically, by itself, naturally
    Synonyms: 自然に (jinen ni), 独りでに (hitoride ni)

Proper nounEdit

一人 (hiragana ひとり, rōmaji Hitori)

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
たり > だり
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

  • Derived from (hi, 1, one, shorter form) +‎ (-tari, counter for persons). The tari changes to dari as an instance of rendaku (連濁).
  • Alternatively, a shift from compound of (hito, 1, one) +‎ (-tari):
    ⟨pi1to2 tari⟩ → */pʲit̚tari/⟨pi1dari⟩ → */pʲidari//fidari//hidari/

NounEdit

一人 (hiragana ひだり, rōmaji hidari)

  1. (obsolete) one person
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 11)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
      蝦夷 (えみし)ひだり (もも) (ひと) (ひと) ()へども () ()かひもせず [Modern spelling]
      Emishi o hidari momo na hito hito wa iedo mo tamukai mo sezu
      A barbarian, just one, is worth a hundred men, so the saying goes, and yet they didn't even stand and fight.[3]

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 一人 (MC ʔiɪt̚ ȵiɪn).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (one person, top person): 1人

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

一人 (hiragana いちにん, rōmaji ichinin)

  1. one person
  2. the first or top person in a particular place or field
  3. Synonym of 右大臣 (udaijin): a Minister of the Right
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
ProverbsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
いち
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
goon kan’on

Compound of Middle Chinese elements (ichi, 1, one, goon reading) +‎ (jin, person, kan'on reading).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

一人 (hiragana いちじん, rōmaji ichijin)

  1. a ruler with a heavenly mandate; an Emperor of Japan
    Synonyms: 上一人 (kami ichinin), 上御一人 (kami go-ichinin), 天子 (tenshi), 天皇 (tennō)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

一人 (hiragana かずと, rōmaji Kazuto, alternative reading かずひと, rōmaji Kazuhito, alternative reading かずんど, rōmaji Kazundo, alternative reading くにひと, rōmaji Kunihito)

  1. a male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup (Volume 1 of A Waka Anthology), illustrated, reprint edition, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 72