Contents

ChineseEdit

three; 3 ten; 10
simp. and trad.
(三十)
anagram 十三

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (16) (25)
Final () (143) (141)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sam/ /d͡ʑip̚/
Li
Rong
/sɑm/ /ʑiəp̚/
Wang
Li
/sɑm/ /ʑĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑm/ /ʑi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sān shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sān shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ sam › ‹ dzyip ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.rum/ (*s.r- > s-; infl. by 四 *s-?) /*t.[ɡ]əp/
English three ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 10963 11452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːm/ /*ɡjub/

NumeralEdit

三十

  1. thirty

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/mi1so1/ → /miso/. Compound of (mi, three) and (so, ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそ, rōmaji miso)

  1. thirty

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of 三十 (miso, thirty) and suffix (chi).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそち, rōmaji misochi)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

/misodi/ → /misozi/. From earlier 三十 (misochi). Final -chi voices in compounding.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそじ, rōmaji misoji, historical hiragana みそぢ)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age

Etymology 4Edit

/sanzihu/: */sanzipu/ → /sanziɸu/ → */sanziwu/ → /sanziu/ → /sanzyuː/. Compound of (san, three) and (, ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana さんじゅう, rōmaji sanjū, historical hiragana さんじふ)

  1. thirty

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

三十 (samsip) (hangeul 삼십)

  1. Hanja form? of 삼십.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

三十

  1. Hán tự form of tam thập, “thirty”