Contents

ChineseEdit

three; 3 ten; 10
simp. and trad.
(三十)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (16) (25)
Final () (143) (141)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sam/ /d͡ʑip̚/
Li
Rong
/sɑm/ /ʑiəp̚/
Wang
Li
/sɑm/ /ʑĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑm/ /ʑi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sān shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sān shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ sam › ‹ dzyip ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.rum/ (*s.r- > s-; infl. by 四 *s-?) /*t.[ɡ]əp/
English three ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 10963 11452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːm/ /*ɡjub/

NumeralEdit

三十

  1. thirty

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/mi1so1/ → /miso/. Compound of ‎(mi, three) and ‎(so, ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 ‎(hiragana みそ, romaji miso)

  1. thirty

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of 三十 ‎(miso, thirty) and suffix ‎(chi).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 ‎(hiragana みそち, romaji misochi)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age
Derived termsEdit
  • 三十 (misoji)

Etymology 3Edit

/misodi/ → /misozi/. From earlier 三十 ‎(misochi). Final -chi voices in compounding.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 ‎(hiragana みそじ, romaji misoji, historical hiragana みそぢ)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age

Etymology 4Edit

/sanzihu/: */sanzipu/ → /sanziɸu/ → */sanziwu/ → /sanziu/ → /sanzyuː/. Compound of ‎(san, three) and ‎(, ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 ‎(hiragana さんじゅう, romaji sanjū, historical hiragana さんじふ)

  1. thirty

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

三十 ‎(samsip) ‎(hangeul 삼십)

  1. Hanja form? of 삼십.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

三十

  1. Hán tự form of tam thập, “thirty”
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