Chinese

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life; age; generation
life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime
 
boundary; scope; extent
boundary; scope; extent; circles; group; kingdom (taxonomy)
 
simp. and trad.
(世界)

Etymology

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Coined by Buddhist translators (c. 4th century) to translate Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, world). In its original Buddhist sense, the word encompassed a range of spatial meanings from a 小世界 (xiǎo shìjiè, “minor world”) with a single sun and moon to the billion-world 三千大千世界 (sānqiān-dàqiān-shìjiè, “trichiliocosm”). Its modern sense dates from Japanese 世界(せ​かい) (se​kai) re-adaptation of the word in the nineteenth century and it has since largely displaced the classical 天下 (tiānxià, “all-under-Heaven”) in general usage.

Pronunciation

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Note: 5sy-ka — "world", extrapolated tone contour from regular sandhi patterns. Rare, chiefly in non-conservative urban Shanghainese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (28)
Final () (35) (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Baxter syejH keajH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇiH/ /kˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛiH/ /kᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæiH/ /kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajH/ /kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛiH/ /kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛiH/ /kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛiH/ /kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì jiè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sai3 gaai3

Noun

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世界

  1. world
    世界地圖世界地图  ―  shìjiè dìtú  ―  world map
    世界秩序  ―  shìjiè zhìxù  ―  world order
    世界紀錄世界纪录  ―  shìjiè jìlù  ―  world record
    世界潮流  ―  shìjiè cháoliú  ―  global trend
    內心世界内心世界  ―  nèixīn shìjiè  ―  inner world
    環遊世界环游世界  ―  huányóu shìjiè  ―  to travel the world
    世界各地  ―  shìjiè gèdì  ―  all over the world
    穆斯林世界  ―  mùsīlín shìjiè  ―  Muslim world
    世界第一經濟體 [MSC, trad.]
    世界第一经济体 [MSC, simp.]
    shìjiè dìyīdà jīngjìtǐ [Pinyin]
    world's biggest economy
    列為世界文化遺產 [MSC, trad.]
    列为世界文化遗产 [MSC, simp.]
    lièwéi shìjiè wénhuàyíchǎn [Pinyin]
    to list as a world cultural heritage site
    世界無奇不有 [MSC, trad.]
    世界无奇不有 [MSC, simp.]
    Shìjiè zhī dà, wúqíbùyǒu. [Pinyin]
    The world is so big that nothing is too bizarre.
    世界唯一不變就是變化 [MSC, trad.]
    世界唯一不变就是变化 [MSC, simp.]
    Shìjiè shàng wéiyī bùbiàn de jiùshì biànhuà. [Pinyin]
    The only constant in the world is change.
    中國高鐵發展領先世界 [MSC, trad.]
    中国高铁发展领先世界 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó gāotiě de fāzhǎn lǐngxiān shìjiè. [Pinyin]
    China is leading the world in high-speed rail.
  2. (tarot) the World
  3. (Buddhism) realm governed by a Buddha
  4. (Buddhism) space, universe
  5. (Northern Wu) place, territory
    一天世界 [Shanghainese]  ―  7iq-thi-sy-ka [Wugniu]  ―  a mess

Synonyms

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  • (world):
  • (place):

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (世界):

Others:

Further reading

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Adverb

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世界

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) extremely; super
    世界 [Taiwanese Hokkien]  ―  sè-kài tiⁿ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  super sweet

Further reading

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Japanese

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かい
Grade: 3
goon kan’on

Etymology

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From Middle Chinese 世界 (MC syejH keajH), originally a translation of Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).[1][2] Compare Hokkien 世界 (sè-kài).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()(かい) (sekai

  1. world
    ()(かい)(かっ)(こく)から
    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from each country of the world
    • 1988 July 30 [1984 July 25], Fujiko F. Fujio, “ふたりぼっち [Just the two of us]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Tomorrow in the Letterbox] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), 10th edition, volume 2 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 162:
      ()にはみえないが、この()(かい)のほかに()(すう)()(かい)()さなりあって(そん)(ざい)しているという…………。
      Me ni wa mienai ga, kono sekai no hoka ni musū no sekai ga kasanariatte sonzai shite iru to iu………….
      They say there are countless worlds that coexist with this one even though we can’t really see them….
      そしてぼくはふたつの()(かい)(きょう)(かい)()ぶってこっちへとびこんできたんだ‼
      Soshite boku wa futatsu no sekai no kyōkai o yabutte kotchi e tobikonde kita n da‼
      And I somehow managed to get across the boundary between our two worlds!!
    • 1997 June 30 [1980 January 25], Fujiko F. Fujio, “タンポポ空を行く [A Dandelion Soaring in the Sky]”, in ドラえもん [Doraemon], 58th edition, volume 18 (fiction), Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 188:
      はじめて()(ひろ)()(かい)が、(たの)しみだったわ。
      Hajimete miru hiroi sekai ga, tanoshimi datta wa.
      I was so eager to see the vast world for the first time.
    • 1999 September 23, “ダーク・ラビット [Dark Rabbit]”, in Vol.5, Konami:
      アメリカンコミックの()(かい)のウサギ。とても()(ばや)くちょこまかと(うご)く。
      Amerikan komikku no sekai no usagi. Totemo subayaku chokomaka to ugoku.
      A bunny from the world of American comics. He restlessly leaps up and down like crazy fast.
    • 2000 January 27, “トゥーン・アリゲーター [Toon Alligator]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
      アメリカンコミックの()(かい)から(あらわ)れた、ワニのモンスター。
      Amerikan komikku no sekai kara arawareta, wani no monsutā.
      A crocodilian monster from the world of American comics.
  2. a metaphorical world (how one lives one's life)
    (かれ)はこの()(かい)()んでいないようです。
    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It's like he's not living in this world.
  3. society, the times
    Synonyms: 世間 (seken), 世の中 (yo no naka)
  4. a realm, a circle, a sphere
    (ぶん)(がく)()(かい)
    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  5. (Buddhism) the four inner realms of 須弥山 (Shumisen)
  6. (Buddhism) realm governed by a buddha
  7. (Buddhism) space, universe
  8. (tarot) the World

Derived terms

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Idioms

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See also

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Proper noun

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()(かい) (Sekai

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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世界 (segye) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계 (world).

Okinawan

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 3

Etymology

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From Middle Chinese 世界 (ɕiᴇiH kˠɛiH). Cognate with Japanese ()(かい) (sekai).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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世界(しけー) (shikē

  1. world, society

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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世界

  1. chữ Hán form of thế giới (world).