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ChineseEdit

 
life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime
 
boundary; scope; extent; circles; group; kingdom (taxonomy)
simp. and trad.
(世界)

EtymologyEdit

Originally coined as a Buddhist phrase, translating Sanskrit लोकधातु (lokadhātu, region or part of the world).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (28)
Final () (35) (33)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇiH/ /kˠɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛiH/ /kᵚæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæiH/ /kɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiajH/ /kəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛiH/ /kɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛiH/ /kɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛiH/ /kăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì jiè

NounEdit

世界

  1. world
    世界地圖 / 世界地图  ―  shìjiè dìtú  ―  world map
    世界秩序  ―  shìjiè zhìxù  ―  world order
    世界紀錄 / 世界纪录  ―  shìjiè jìlù  ―  world record
    世界潮流  ―  shìjiè cháoliú  ―  global trend
    環遊世界 / 环游世界  ―  huányóu shìjiè  ―  to travel the world
    世界各地  ―  shìjiè gèdì  ―  all over the world
    列為世界文化遺產 [MSC, trad.]
    列为世界文化遗产 [MSC, simp.]
    lièwéi shìjiè wénhuàyíchǎn [Pinyin]
    to list as a world cultural heritage site
    世界無奇不有 [MSC, trad.]
    世界无奇不有 [MSC, simp.]
    Shìjiè zhī dà, wúqíbùyǒu. [Pinyin]
    The world is so big that nothing is too bizarre.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (世界):

AdverbEdit

世界

  1. (Taiwanese Min Nan) extremely; super
    世界 [Taiwanese]  ―  sè-kài tiⁿ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  super sweet

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
かい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

世界 (hiragana せかい, rōmaji sekai)

  1. the world
     () (かい) (かっ) (こく)から
    sekai no kakkoku kara
    from each country of the world
    • 1988 July 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, “ふたりぼっち [Altwo]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140702-3 Invalid ISBN, page 162:
      目にはみえないが、このかいのほかにすうかいかさなりあってそんざいしているという…………。
      そしてぼくはふたつのかいきょうかいやぶってこっちへとびこんできたんだ‼
      Me ni wa mienai ga, kono sekai no hoka ni musū no sekai ga kasanariatte sonzai shiteiru to iu………….
      Soshite boku wa futatsu no sekai no kyōkai o yabutte kotchi e tobikon da‼
      That means there are countless worlds that coexist with this one even though we can’t really see them………….
      And I somehow managed to get across the boundary between our two worlds‼
    • 1997 June 30, Fujiko F. Fujio, “タンポポ空を行く [A Dandelion Soaring in the Sky]”, in ドラえもん [Doraemon], volume 18 (fiction, in Japanese), 58th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-140108-2, page 188:
      はじめて () (ひろ) () (かい)が、 (たの)しみだったわ。
      Hajimete miru hiroi sekai ga, tanoshimi datta wa.
      I was so eager to see the vast world for the first time.
    • 2000 January 27, “トゥーン・アリゲーター [Toon Alligator]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
      アメリカンコミックの () (かい)から (あらわ)れた、ワニのモンスター。
      Amerikan komikku no sekai kara arawareta, wani no monsutā.
      A crocodilian monster, from the world of American comics.
  2. a metaphorical world, how one lives one's life.
     (かれ)はこの世界 (せかい) ()んでいないようです。
    Kare wa kono sekai ni sunde inai yō desu.
    It's like he's not living in this world.
  3. a realm, a circle, a sphere
    文学 (ぶんがく)世界 (せかい)
    bungaku no sekai
    literary circles, the literary world
  4. (tarot) the world

IdiomsEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

世界 (segye, McCune-Reischauer: segye, Yale: sekyey) (hangeul 세계)

  1. Hanja form? of 세계, “world”.

SynonymsEdit


OkinawanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

世界 (hiragana しけー, romaji shikē)

  1. world, society

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

世界

  1. Hán tự form of thế giới, “world