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U+4E21, 両
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E21

[U+4E20]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E22]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一山月 (MUB), four-corner 10227, composition or ⿻⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 78, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 19, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E21

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji 1Edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. both
  2. old Japanese coin
  3. two

ReadingsEdit

As shinjitai kanji of 兩:

CompoundsEdit

Kanji 2Edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. counter for carriages, such as in a train

ReadingsEdit

As shinjitai kanji of 輛:

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/lɨɐŋH/ invalid IPA characters (H), two, both).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. the both of something
     (りょう) ()
    ryō no te de
    with both hands
  2. a traditional unit of currency

PrefixEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō-, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. both
  2. two

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ころ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to root koro in reference to rolling, as in 転ぶ (korobu, to tumble, to fall; to roll), ころころ (korokoro, rollingly).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ころ, rōmaji -koro)

  1. (obsolete) a traditional unit of weight, roughly equivalent to 37.5 grams
Usage notesEdit

The koro reading appears to be obsolete, superseded by ryō above.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese (/lɨɐŋH/ invalid IPA characters (H)?, counter for vehicles).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji -ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. a car of a train
    この (でん) (しゃ) (ろく) (りょう) (へん) (せい)です。
    Kono densha wa rokuryō hensei desu.
    This train consists of six cars.
Usage notesEdit

Shinjitai. As this form conflates the traditional characters and , some may prefer not to simplify the latter, or to use the extended shinjitai form .

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan