See also: and
U+4E21, 両
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E21

[U+4E20]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E22]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一山月 (MUB), four-corner 10227, composition or ⿻⿱)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 78, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 19, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E21

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“two; two; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji 1Edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. both
  2. old Japanese coin
  3. two

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji 2Edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. counter for carriages, such as in a train

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Usually replaces and extended shinjitai form in modern usage.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (lɨɐŋH, two, both).

PronunciationEdit

  • This pitch accent only applies when this is used as a standalone noun.

NounEdit

(りょう) (ryōりやう (ryau)?

  1. the both of something
    (りょう)()
    ryō no te de
    with both hands
  2. a traditional unit of currency

PrefixEdit

(りょう) (ryō-りやう (ryau)?

  1. both
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ころ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to root koro in reference to rolling, as in 転ぶ (korobu, to tumble, to fall; to roll), ころころ (korokoro, rollingly).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(ころ) (-koro

  1. (obsolete) a traditional unit of weight, roughly equivalent to 37.5 grams
Usage notesEdit

The koro reading appears to be obsolete, superseded by ryō above.

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Probably from Middle Chinese (lɨɐŋH?, counter for vehicles).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(りょう) (-ryōりやう (ryau)?

  1. a car of a train
    この(でん)(しゃ)(ろく)(りょう)(へん)(せい)です。
    Kono densha wa rokuryō hensei desu.
    This train consists of six cars.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan