See also: and
U+4E21, 両
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E21

[U+4E20]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E22]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 1, +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一山月 (MUB), four-corner 10227, composition or ⿻⿱ or )

Derived characters edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 78, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 19, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E21

Chinese edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“two; two; etc.”).
(This character is the draft (1955) first-round simplified and variant form of ).
Notes:

Japanese edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. both
  2. old Japanese coin
  3. two
  4. counter for carriages

Readings edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ljangX); compare Mandarin (liǎng):

From Middle Chinese (MC ljangH); compare Mandarin (liàng):

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC ljangX, “two, both”).

Pronunciation edit

  • This pitch accent only applies when this is used as a standalone noun.

Noun edit

(りょう) (ryōりやう (ryau)?

  1. the both of something
    (りょう)()
    ryō no te de
    with both hands
  2. a traditional unit of currency

Prefix edit

(りょう) (ryō-りやう (ryau)?

  1. both
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
ころ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to root koro in reference to rolling, as in 転ぶ (korobu, to tumble, to fall; to roll), ころころ (korokoro, rollingly).

Pronunciation edit

Counter edit

(ころ) (-koro

  1. (obsolete) a traditional unit of weight, roughly equivalent to 37.5 grams
Usage notes edit

The koro reading appears to be obsolete, superseded by ryō above.

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)

Probably from Middle Chinese (MC *ljangH, “counter for vehicles”).

Pronunciation edit

Counter edit

(りょう) (-ryōりやう (ryau)?

  1. a car of a train
    この(でん)(しゃ)(ろく)(りょう)(へん)(せい)です。
    Kono densha wa rokuryō hensei desu.
    This train consists of six cars.
Usage notes edit

Usually replaces and extended shinjitai form in modern usage.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN