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ChineseEdit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kɔX/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /koX/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*kˁaʔ/
English center ancient

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 4219
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kaːʔ/

Etymology 1Edit

middle old
simp. and trad.
(中古)

AdjectiveEdit

中古

  1. middle(-aged) (as in Middle English, Middle Chinese, etc.)

NounEdit

中古

  1. middle antiquity (from 3rd to 9th century)

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

中古

  1. the Middle Ages

Etymology 2Edit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese 中古 (ちゅうこ) (chūko, secondhand)

AdjectiveEdit

 
中古車 "used cars"

中古

  1. (Taiwan) used; second hand
SynonymsEdit
  • (used, second hand): 第二手 (dì'èrshǒu)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Chinese; China; Sino- Cuba; Cuban
simp. and trad.
(中古)

AdjectiveEdit

中古

  1. Sino-Cuban

Proper nounEdit

中古

  1. China and Cuba

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

中古 (hiragana ちゅうこ, rōmaji chūko)

  1. medieval times
  2. a secondhand or used item
  3. Short for 中古日本語: Heian period Japanese; Early Middle Japanese

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

中古 (junggo) (hangeul 중고)

  1. Hanja form? of 중고 (secondhand).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

中古

  1. Hán tự form of trung cổ (medieval).