ChineseEdit

 
to own; to host; master
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(主人)
alternative forms 主儂主侬 Min vernacular
anagram 人主

PronunciationEdit


Note: chú-lîn/chí-jîn/chú-jîn - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (38)
Final () (24) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /ȵiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆X/ /ȵin/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioX/ /ȵiĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuX/ /ȵʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uX/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ rén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zyu2 jan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ rén
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX › ‹ nyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/ /*ni[ŋ]/
English master; host (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17618 10800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoʔ/ /*njin/

NounEdit

主人

  1. master; owner
  2. host (person who receives or entertains other people as guests)

SynonymsEdit

  • (master):
  • (host):

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (主人):
  • Japanese: 主人(しゅじん) (shujin)
  • Korean: 주인 (主人, ju'in)
  • Vietnamese: chủ nhân (主人)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
kan’on

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 主人 (MC t͡ɕɨoX ȵiɪn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(しゅ)(じん) (shujin

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband (use ご主人 to refer to somebody else's husband)
    Synonym: (husband) (otto)
    Antonyms: (wife) (tsuma), (someone else's wife) 奥さん (oku-san), (one's own wife) 家内 (kanai)
  2. someone's master
    (しゅ)(じん)(さま)(めい)(れい)
    Go-shujin-sama, go-meirei o.
    I await your orders, master.
  3. owner
  4. host or hostess

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

主人 (ju'in) (hangeul 주인)

  1. Hanja form? of 주인 (master or owner; proprietor).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

主人

  1. chữ Hán form of chủ nhân (master or owner; proprietor).